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Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement; the Mujaddid (Reformer) of the 14th Century Hijrah; and, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi) <Please read his biography in the 'Biography' section>

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Glossary Section > Common Islamic Phrases of Daily Use

The Glossary Section:

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Short Phrases of Daily Use which Every Muslim ought to know:

1. Bis-millah:
"In the name of Allah." [Pronunciation]
Every affair is begun with these words. The object is to make a man realise that he should seek the help of God in all affairs. This is an abbreviated form of the fuller formula which runs thus:-

Bis-millah hir-Rahman nir-Rahim.
"In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful."

These are the words with which the Holy Qur'an opens.

Click here to read the commentary of this verse.

2. Al-hamdo lillah:
"All praise is due to Allah." [Pronunciation]
These words are generally uttered when any good comes to one, as a kind of thanksgiving to God. Even the sneezer is required to thank God in these words when he sneezes. It is with these words that the first chapter of the Holy Qur'an opens.

3. Allah-ho Akbur:
"Allah is the greatest." [Pronunciation]
It is known as takbir, and the words are uttered whenever a man has to give expression to his own insignificance or to the insignificance of all creation before Divine grandeur. These words also form a kind of war-cry of a Muslim as indicating he is not overawed by the numbers of forces opposing him.

4. Subhaa-nullah:
"Glory to Allah" or "Allah is free from all imperfections."
These words are used when a man has to give expression to the fact that he is not free from imperfections or that he has made an error. They are used also when a man sees another making a mistake.

5. Ustugh firullah:
"I seek the protection of Allah." [Pronunciation]
This is a prayer to which a man should resort very often, and the words are also used when one sees a thing which he should avoid. It is known as istighfar which means the seeking of Divine protection from the commission of sin as well as from the punishment of sin when it has been committed, and the more often a man resorts to it the farther away he is from the liability of falling into sin. The fuller form of istighfar is as follows:-

Ustughfi-rullaha Rabbee min kullay zumbin wa 'atubo illai-hay.
"I seek the protection of Allah from every fault and I do turn to Him."

6. La howla wa la qoo-ata illa billah:
"There is no strength nor power but in Allah."
These words indicate that a man has not the strength to turn away from what is evil nor the power to adopt the course of good unless God gives him such strength or power, and they are used to give expression to reliance on God in all matters.

7. In-sha 'a-llah:
"If it please Allah." [Pronunciation]
When a man undertakes to do a thing, he uses these words to indicate that though he is fully determined to do it, yet, maybe, it is ordained by God otherwise.

8. Ma-shaa Allah:
"It is as Allah has pleased." [Pronunciation]
When one feels admiration for a person or a thing, he uses these words as showing that all good comes form God.

9a. Hasbiya-llah:
"May Allah suffice me." [Pronunciation]
9b. Hasbu-nallah:
May Allah suffice us." [Pronunciation]
The words are used to show that it is God alone Who saves a man from stumbling and from all kinds of errors and afflictions.

10. Inna-li-llahay wa inna ilai-hay raajay'oon:
"Surely we are Allah's and to Him we shall return."
These words are used when one receives the news of the death of a person or of loss of any kind to himself or to another. The words indicate that loss of life or property to man is only part of a Divine scheme, and that he should not indulge too much in the pleasures of this life nor grieve too much when he meets with an adversity.

11a. As-salamo 'alaikum:
"Peace be on you!" [Pronunciation]
11b. Wa 'alai-komus-salaam:
"And on you be peace!" [Pronunciation]
The first form is that in which one Muslim greets his brother, and the second is that in which the greeting is returned. An enlarged from is as follows:-

As-salamo 'alaikum wa rukhmatol-lahay wa baraa-kata-hoo.
"Peace be on you and the mercy of Allah and His blessings."

Wa 'alai-komus-salaam wa rukhmatol-lahay wa baraa-kata-hoo.
"And on you be peace, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings."

12a. Jazaa-kullah:
"May Allah reward thee." [Pronunciation]
12b. Jazaa-kullah ho khaira:
"May Allah give you a goodly reward." [Pronunciation]
When a Muslim receives a gift from another or when he receives any good, he thanks the bestower of the gift or the doer of good in either of these forms.

13. Bara-kul-lah:
"May Allah bless (you)." [Pronunciation]
When a person sees any good in his brother, he addresses him in these words, meaning that good may be granted to him in a greater measure and that it may never be cut off.

14. Hasbo-kul-lah:
"May Allah suffice thee." [Pronunciation]
In these words a Muslim addresses his brother Muslim when he sees him stumble or fall into error.

15. Yur-hummaa-kul-lah:
"May Allah have mercy on thee." [Pronunciation]
In these words a Muslim prays for his brother when he sees him in distress.


Glossary Section > Common Islamic Phrases of Daily Use