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Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement; the Mujaddid (Reformer) of the 14th Century Hijrah; and, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi) <Please read his biography in the 'Biography' section>

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Books Section > by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian > A Correction of an Error [Ek Ghalti ka Izala] by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib > Important Documents that Appeared After this Book ['Ek Ghalati ka Izala'] was Printed on 5th November, 1901

Important Documents that Appeared After this Book ['Ek Ghalati ka Izala'] was Printed on 5th November, 1901:
Taken from: The Ahmadiyya Case

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It is asserted by some that in his pamphlet entitled Ayk Ghalati Ka Izala (‘Correction of an Error’), published in November 1901, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad announced that he was indeed a prophet and that his previous denials of making such a claim were in error and should now be disregarded. Historically, it so happened that when Correction of an Error was published, one or two opponents of Hazrat Mirza accused him of claiming to be a prophet in this booklet. However, he and his followers denied this allegation forthwith. Therefore the issue of whether he claimed to be a prophet in this booklet was settled very clearly at the very time of its publication.

Letter by Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan of Amroha:

A few days after the publication of Ayk Ghalati Ka Izala in November 1901, Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan of Amroha, one of the two most prominent followers of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, received a letter from one Hafiz Muhammad Yusuf, belonging to the city of Amritsar, alleging that Hazrat Mirza had claimed to be a prophet in this pamphlet. When this letter was brought to the attention of Hazrat Mirza, he directed Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan as follows:

“This letter should be answered in detail so that our beliefs are conveyed to him.” (Newspaper Al-Hakam, 30 November 1901, p. 2)

In obedience to this instruction, the Maulana wrote a letter to Hafiz Muhammad Yusuf which was also published in the Ahmadiyya community’s paper Al-Hakam. The editor added the following introductory note:

“Below we reproduce an invaluable letter by Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan of Amroha which, although written by him as a reply to a postcard from Muhammad Yusuf of Amritsar, is in fact a subtle exposition of that pamphlet which Hazrat Aqdas [Hazrat Mirza] published under the title Ayk Ghalati Ka Izala. The points of truth and knowledge contained in this letter need no advertisement from us -- the name ‘scholar of Amroha’ is sufficient. But we would say that in this letter the scholarly gentleman is speaking with support of the Holy Spirit. ...” (Al-Hakam, 24 November 1901, p. 9)

The letter, published under the title Raqimat al-Wudud, is as follows:

“Sir, the pamphlet with reference to which you say that Mirza sahib has claimed prophethood in it, that very pamphlet contains the following texts in which this claim is clearly and explicitly denied. It is to be regretted that you neither understood the claim itself nor the denial. The texts are as follows:

1. ‘There certainly cannot come any prophet, new or old.’

2. ‘Such a belief [i.e., in the continuity of ‘wahy nubuwwat’, the revelation which distinguishes a prophet from a non-prophet] is undoubtedly a sin, and the verse ‘he is the Messenger of God and the Khatam an-nabiyyin’ along with the hadith ‘there is to be no prophet after me’ is conclusive proof of the absolute falsity of this view.’

3. ‘I am strongly opposed to such beliefs.’
Look how strong is the denial.

4. ‘I have true and full faith in this statement.’
That is, the Seal of the Prophets verse.

5. ‘After the Holy Prophet Muhammad, the doors of prophecies have been closed till the Day of Judgment. ... But one window, that of the path of Siddiq, is open. That is to say, the window of self-effacement in the Holy Prophet (fana fir-rasul).’
i.e., perfect successorship to the Holy Prophet, which is known in other words as ‘burooz’ [manifestation].

6. ‘It is not possible now for a Hindu or a Jew or a Christian or a nominal Muslim to apply the word nabi to himself.’
That is, without reaching the station of ‘fana fir-rasul’.

7. ‘All the windows of prophethood have been closed.’
That is, without becoming ‘fana fir-rasul’.

8. ‘There is no way to the graces of God except through the Holy Prophet’s mediation.’

9. ‘After our Holy Prophet Muhammad till the Day of Judgment, there is no prophet to whom a new shari‘ah is to be revealed.’
Look, in this extract it is denied that a law-bearing prophet will ever come after the Holy Prophet.

10. ‘And whoever makes a claim of prophethood bearing a new law commits heresy.’

11. ‘I am not the independent bearer of a shari‘ah.’
Mr. Hafiz, open your eyes to read this!

12. ‘Nor am I an independent prophet.’
Mr. Hafiz, read this sentence for God’s sake!

13. ‘I am not a bearer of law.’
Read this with fear of God!

14. ‘All these graces have not been bestowed upon me without mediation, rather, there is a holy being in heaven, namely, Muhammad mustafa, whose spiritual benefit I receive.’

15. ‘In other words, the term Khatam an-nabiyyin is a Divine seal which has been put upon the prophethood of the Holy Prophet. It is not possible now that this seal could ever break.’
Look how strong is this denial.

16. ‘A seal has been put upon prophethood till the Day of Judgment.’
See how often this denial is repeated in a 3-page poster.

17. ‘Ignorant opponents raise the allegation against me that I claim to be a nabi [prophet] or rasul [messenger]. I make no such claim.’
Mr. Hafiz, it is the height of ignorance to level this charge after all these denials.

18. ‘I am neither a prophet nor an apostle in the sense which they have in mind.’

19. ‘Hence the person who maliciously accuses me of claiming prophethood and apostleship is a liar and an evil-minded one.’

“O Mr. Hafiz, if you have any fear of God in you, can you say of a man whose writing in a 3-page poster so frequently denies a claim to independent prophethood, that he is a claimant to independent prophethood? Or, can any sensible person say that this fana fir-rasul has claimed that prophethood and apostleship which is denied by the consensus of opinion of the entire Muslim nation? Both you and I are nearing the end of our lives. How, then, can you be so bold as to make this accusation?”

A Second Recorded Incident:

In Al-Hakam of 31 May 1902 a letter was published from a member of the Ahmadiyya community, one Shah Deen, railway stationmaster at Mardan (District Peshawar), in which he gave an account of an argument and debate with an opponent. It read:

“Afterwards, Husain Bakhsh, who is familiar with the history of Hazrat Mirza, asked me if he had advanced a new claim. I told him that there was no new claim. The claims were the same as in the beginning. He said that he had heard that, in a recent poster, a claim to prophethood had clearly been made. I told him that he could see the poster, which did not contain anything of the sort. Therefore, upon his request, Mian Muhammad Yusuf brought the poster entitled Ayk Ghalati Ka Izala from his home and read it out seriously and thoughtfully, which made a deep impression upon the audience. He could not understand the issue of burooz. Sometimes he would call it re-incarnation, and sometimes he would say that Mirza sahib will in future lay claim to divinity, as Shams Tabriz and Mansur had done. I tried my best to make him understand this point, and quoted parallels from the lives of Hazrat Mujaddid of Sirhind and Sayyid Ahmad Barelvi, etc.”

Meaning of Muhaddas in Correction of an Error:

Referring to the word muhaddas and its verbal noun tahdees, Hazrat Mirza has written in this pamphlet:

“I say that in no lexicon does the word tahdees convey the meaning of disclosing the unseen.”

In Tauzih Maram, published 1891, he had written:

“The muhaddas ... has the honour of being spoken to by God. Matters of the unseen are disclosed to him. His revelation, like that of prophets and messengers, is protected from the interference of the devil. The real essence of the Shari‘ah is disclosed to him. He is appointed just like the prophets, and, like them, it is his duty to proclaim himself openly. His denier is, to some extent, liable to Divine punishment.”

There is no contradiction in the above two passages. In the first, he is referring to the literal or root meaning of muhaddas. In terms of its root meaning as a word of the Arabic language, it does not convey the significance of news of the unseen being revealed, but merely news of something. In the passage from Tauzih Maram, he is explaining the technical meaning of muhaddas from Hadith and Islamic Shari‘ah, which is that of a person “spoken to by God, though not being a prophet”. To the end of his life, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to be a muhaddas in terms of this technical meaning, and no more. In this pamphlet, he has not denied being just a muhaddas, but has only stated that the root sense of muhaddas is not sufficient to convey his status.

Historical Evidence:

About the year 1914, when Maulana Nur-ud-Din was head of the Ahmadiyya Movement, some non-Ahmadis raised this particular objection. At this, one Hafiz Raushan Ali, a well-known scholar in the Ahmadiyya Movement, wrote a reply which was much liked by Maulana Nur-ud-Din and published in the magazine Tashhiz al-Azhan. Given below is the relevant extract from that magazine:

“Objection: In Tauzih Maram you call yourself a muhaddas and say that a muhaddas too is a prophet in one sense. But now in this poster you write that ‘my title cannot be muhaddas because in no lexicon does the word tahdees convey the meaning of disclosing the unseen’.

“Answer: We say that there could only have been a contradiction between these two places if there was an affirmation of being a muhaddas in a certain sense, and then a denial made with regard to the same sense. But here the senses in the two places are different. Therefore, in accordance with the principle, lau l-al-i‘tibaraat la-batal-al-hikma, your alleged contradiction disappears. In the poster [Correction of an Error], he has made the denial in the sense that in Arabic lexicology the meaning of tahdees is not that of disclosing the unseen. And in Tauzih Maram he has made the affirmation in terms of the technical meaning, despite having made it explicit there that a muhaddas is also a prophet in a sense.” (Tashhiz al-Azhan, October 1914, vol. ix, no. 10)

This magazine was edited by Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad, and the issue cited above dates from a few months after the split in the Ahmadiyya Movement, when he had become head of the Qadian Section.


Books Section > by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian > A Correction of an Error [Ek Ghalti ka Izala] by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib > Important Documents that Appeared After this Book ['Ek Ghalati ka Izala'] was Printed on 5th November, 1901