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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 88: (Al-Ghashiyah: The Overwhelming Event)


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Chapter 88: (Al-Ghashiyah: The Overwhelming Event)
(Revealed at Makkah: 1 section; 26 verses)

1. Introduction:

The Overwhelming Event, whose mention in the first verse supplies a name to this chapter, is the doom of the opponents in this life and their punishment in the Hereafter. The date of revelation is placed about the fourth year of the Prophet’s call.

2. Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1 Has there come to thee the news of the Overwhelming Event?a

2 Faces on that day will be downcast,

3 Labouring, toiling,

4 Entering burning Fire,

5 Made to drink from a boiling spring.

6 They will have no food but of thorns,

7 Neither nourishing nor satisfying hunger.

8 Faces on that day will be happy,

9 Glad for their striving,

10 In a lofty Garden,

11 Wherein thou wilt hear no vain talk.

12 Therein is a fountain flowing.

13 Therein are thrones raised high,

14 And drinking-cups ready placed,

15 And cushions set in rows,

16 And carpets spread out.

17 See they not the clouds,a how they are created?

18 And the heaven, how it is raised high?

19 And the mountains, how they are fixed?

20 And the earth, how it is spread out?

21 So remind. Thou art only one to remind.

22 Thou art not a warder over them —

23 But whoever turns back and disbelieves,

24 Allah will chastise him with the greatest chastisement.

25 Surely to Us is their return.

26 Then it is for Us to call them to account.

3. Commentary:

1a. The Overwhelming Event is no doubt the Resurrection, but the overwhelming event of this life is the doom of the opponents of Truth. The description of the two parties that follows applies to an utterly discomfited and disappointed enemy and to the faithful in the hour of their triumph. [Back to verse 1]

17a. Ibil means clouds that bear the water for rain (T, LL). As this significance suits the context better, I adopt this instead of the usual rendering, the camels, the mention of the clouds along with the heavens, where they exist, and with mountains, which cool the vapours so that they pour down water, and the earth, which benefits by that water, being in accordance with what is said in many other places. [Back to verse 17]

 

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Chapter 87: Al-A‘la (The Most High)

Chapter 89: Al-Fajr (The Daybreak)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 88: (Al-Ghashiyah: The Overwhelming Event)


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