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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 70 (Al-Ma‘arij- The Ways of Ascent) > Section 2 (Verses 36 to 44)


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Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 36 to 44]: A new nation to be raised up:
Chapter 70: (Al-Ma‘arij: The Ways of Ascent)
(Revealed at Makkah: 2 sections; 44 verses)

1. Translation:

36 But what is the matter with those who disbelieve, that they hasten on to thee,
a

37 On the right hand and on the left, in sundry parties?

38 Does every man of them desire to be admitted to the Garden of bliss?

39 By no means! Surely We have created them for what they know.a

40 But nay! I swear by the Lord of the Eastern lands and the Western lands! that We are certainly Powerful

41 To bring in their place (others) better than them, and We shall not be overcome.a

42 So leave them alone to plunge in vain talk and to sport, until they come face to face with that day of theirs which they are promised —

43 The day when they come forth from the graves in haste, as hastening on to a goal,

44 Their eyes cast down, disgrace covering them. Such is the day which they are promised.a

 2. Commentary:

36a. Nearly the same words — hastening to the Inviter — occur in 54:8; see 54:8a. Here and in the verses that follow is a description of the time when these very opponents would be hastening on to the Prophet, accepting the truth. V. 38 makes it further clear: Does every man of them desire that he should be made to enter the Garden of bliss? [Back to verse 36]

39a. What is negatived here is the fact that the evildoers can enter the Garden of bliss. Min in mimma (originally min ma, "for what") signifies ajal or the end for which man has been created. It is to rise above sin, to be able to ascend to God, the Lord of the ways of Ascent; see 3a. The Garden of bliss stands clearly for the Ascension of man to God which is the real object of his life. [Back to verse 39]

41a. Note the clear prophecy that an evil generation will be brought to naught and another people, the righteous, shall inherit the land. The old order will be changed and a new order established instead of that. [Back to verse 41]

44a. Vv. 43 and 44 give us a clear statement as to the final triumph of Truth and the overthrow of opposition or the triumph of righteousness over the powers of evil. Being spiritually dead, their very homes were graves in a metaphorical sense. As in almost all chapters of this period, the final triumph of Truth runs along as an undercurrent in the mention of Resurrection. [Back to verse 44]

 

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 70 (Al-Ma‘arij- The Ways of Ascent) > Section 2 (Verses 36 to 44)


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