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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 65 (Al-Talaq- The Divorce) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 7)


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Section/Ruku 1 [Verses 1 to 7]: Supplementary divorce rules:
Chapter 65: (Al-Talaq: The Divorce)
(Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections; 12 verses)

1. Introduction:

This chapter deals with certain rules regarding divorce in its first section, and is accordingly entitled Divorce. The second gives an unmistakable warning to the opponents and shows that the Prophet had brought to them light. The law of divorce had already been given to the Muslims in the second chapter, but its misuse called for additional directions; see 1a.

The date of revelation may be assigned approximately to the sixth year of the Hijrah, when the incident referred to in the first verse is said to have taken place.

2. Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1 O Prophet, when you divorce women, divorce them for their prescribed period,a and calculate the period; and keep your duty to Allah, your Lord. Turn them not out of their houses — nor should they themselves go forth — unless they commit an open indecency. And these are the limits of Allah. And whoever goes beyond the limits of Allah, he indeed wrongs his own soul. Thou knowest not that Allah may after that bring about an event.b

2 So when they have reached their prescribed time, retain them with kindness or dismiss them with kindness, and call to witness two just ones from among you, and give upright testimony for Allah. With that is admonished he who believes in Allah and the Latter Day. And whoever keeps his duty to Allah, He ordains a way out for him,

3 And gives him sustenance from whence he imagines not. And whoever trusts in Allah, He is sufficient for him. Surely Allah attains His purpose. Allah indeed has appointed a measure for everything.

4 And those of your women who despair of menstruation, if you have a doubt, their prescribed time is three months, and of those, too, who have not had their courses. And the pregnant women, their prescribed time is that they lay down their burden. And whoever keeps his duty to Allah, He makes his affair easy for him.

5 That is the command of Allah, which He has revealed to you. And whoever keeps his duty to Allah, He will remove from him his evils and give him a big reward.

6 Lodge them where you live according to your means, and injure them not to straiten them. And if they are pregnant, spend on them until they lay down their burden. Then if they suckle for you, give them their recompense, and enjoin one another to do good; and if you disagree, another will suckle for him.

7 Let him who has abundance spend out of his abundance, and whoever has his means of subsistence straitened to him, let him spend out of that which Allah has given him. Allah lays not on any soul a burden beyond that which He has given it. Allah brings about ease after difficulty.a

3. Commentary:

1a. The prescribed time is ordinarily, according to 2:228, three courses. But in the case of women with child, and in certain other cases, the prescribed time is laid down in v. 4 of this chapter. It should be noted how every direction in connection with the subject of divorce is followed by the injunction, keep your duty to Allah, throughout this chapter. The utmost carefulness must therefore be exercised in the matter of divorce. Divorce is allowed but the right must be used sparingly and under exceptional circumstances.

It is reported that the directions contained in this chapter were needed to correct a mistake made in connection with the law of divorce of Ibn ‘Umar, who divorced his wife when she had her courses. He was told to take her back, as divorce was ineffective unless pronounced when the wife was free from the menses (B. 68:1). [Back to verse 1]

1b. The amr or event here means reunion (JB). We are here expressly told that a divorced woman is not to be turned out of the husband’s house, because either party may regret the divorce and a reunion may be brought about. [Back to verse 1]

7a. Women should be lodged where a man himself lives, so that, after divorce, the woman has the full status of a wife so long as the ‘iddah (the prescribed time) has not expired. If a man possesses abundant wealth, he must spend on his wife abundantly. [Back to verse 7]

 

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Chapter 64: Al-Taghabun (The manifestation of losses)

Chapter 66: Al-Tahrim (The Prohibition)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 65 (Al-Talaq- The Divorce) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 7)


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