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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 64 (Al-Taghabun- The manifestation of losses) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 10)


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Section/Ruku 1 [Verses 1 to 10]: Disbelievers warned:
Chapter 64: (Al-Taghabun: The manifestation of losses)
(Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections; 18 verses)

1. Introduction:

This chapter not only warns the disbelievers of the evil consequences of their deeds but also exhorts the believers to continue their march towards spiritual advancement, not permitting worldly attractions to interfere in the necessary attainment of perfection. The chapter is appropriately entitled The Manifestation of Losses, because, not only will disbelievers find their losses manifested on a certain day, but believers will also find such losses manifested, if they have been remiss in fulfilling their obligations.

The first section, after referring to Allah as being the Creator of both believers and disbelievers, warns the disbelievers of the consequences of their evil deeds on the day of Resurrection. The second section exhorts the Muslims to be obedient to the Messenger, and not to be led into a wrong course by worldly allurements.

There is a difference of opinion as to whether this chapter is of Makkan or Madinan origin; the majority incline to the latter opinion. Internal evidence shows it to be an early Madinan revelation.

2. Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1 Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth glorifies Allah. His is the kingdom, and His the praise; and He is Possessor of power over all things.

2 He it is Who created you, but one of you is a disbeliever and one of you is a believer. And Allah is Seer of what you do.

3 He created the heavens and the earth with truth, and He shaped you, then made goodly your shapes; and to Him is the resort.

4 He knows what is in the heavens and the earth, and He knows what you hide and what you manifest. And Allah is Knower of what is in the hearts.

5 Has there not come to you the story of those who disbelieved before, then tasted the evil consequences of their conduct, and they had a painful chastisement?

6 That is because there came to them their messengers with clear arguments, but they said: Shall mortals guide us? So they disbelieved and turned away, and Allah is above all need. And Allah is Self-Sufficient, Praised.

7 Those who disbelieve think that they will not be raised. Say: Aye, by my Lord! you will certainly be raised; then you will certainly be informed of what you did. And that is easy to Allah.

8 So believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Light which We have revealed. And Allah is Aware of what you do.

9 The day when He will gather you for the day of Gathering, that is the day of the Manifestation of losses.a And whoever believes in Allah and does good, He will remove from him his evil and cause him to enter Gardens wherein rivers flow, to abide therein forever. That is the great achievement.b

10 And those who disbelieve and reject Our messages, they are the companions of the Fire, abiding therein; and evil is the resort.

3. Commentary:

9a. Taghabun is derived from ghabn, which means the causing of loss to another. It may be either in property or in judgment, and ghabintu kadha means I neglected the thing. Yaum al-taghabun is the day of Resurrection, on account of the manifestation on that day of the ghabn or the loss (R).

The day of Resurrection is called the day of Taghabun because the loss that a man suffers is generally hidden from his eyes in this life, and it will be manifest on the Judgment day. [Back to verse 9]

9b. Note that he who acts righteously will have his evil removed, because a change comes over his life. There is no doubt that, when a complete transformation takes place in the life of a man, the consequences of the evil which he might have previously wrought are wiped out. [Back to verse 9]

 

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Section 2: An exhortation


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Chapter 63: Al-Munafiqun (The Hypocrites)

Chapter 65: Al-Talaq (The Divorce)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 64 (Al-Taghabun- The manifestation of losses) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 10)


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