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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 62 (Al-Jumu‘ah- The Congregation) > Section 2 (Verses 9 to 11)


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Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 9 to 11]: Friday prayer:
Chapter 62: (Al-Jumu‘ah: The Congregation)
(Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections; 11 verses)

1. Translation:

9 O you who believe, when the call is sounded for prayer on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave off traffic. That is better for you, if you know.
a

10 But when the prayer is ended, disperse abroad in the land and seek of Allah’s grace, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful.

11 And when they see merchandise or sport, they break away to it, and leave thee standing.a Say: What is with Allah is better than sport and merchandise. And Allah is the best of Providers.

 2. Commentary:

9a. The word Jumu‘ah is derived from jama‘a, he gathered, and yaum al-Jumu‘ah means the day of Congregation. The time of the Jumu‘ah is just after noon, and the service, which consists only of two rak‘ahs instead of the four rak‘ahs of the early afternoon prayer, is preceded by a sermon. The words of this verse and those of the following show that ordinary business may be carried on by a Muslim on Friday before or after the Jumu‘ah prayer. Hence, unlike the Jewish and the Christian Sabbaths, it is not necessarily a day of rest. But attendance at the Jumu‘ah prayers is obligatory, and as soon as the call to prayer is sounded, every Muslim is bound to leave business of every kind and immediately hasten to the mosque. Every nation has a Sabbath, or a so-called day of Divine service set apart from the ordinary weekdays, but in practice, the whole day is never given to prayer. In fact, a Muslim, who is allowed to do his ordinary work on Friday, gives more time to his prayers than the majority of those who recognise a seventh day as their Sabbath. The idea underlying the Sabbath is, no doubt, a temporary cessation of the material and physical activities, to give place to spiritual exercise and to holding communion with the Divine Being. Islam, on the other hand, requires communion with the Divine Being to be observed throughout the entire week, five times daily. Thus it gives a real chance to its followers for the exercise and development of the spiritual faculties, which in others lie quite dormant. The Islamic division of prayers is much more suited to elevate a man spiritually, affording true spiritual food to the soul than is to be discovered in any other form of worship. [Back to verse 9]

11a. Those spoken of here are apparently the hypocrites. The fact that the next chapter deals with the hypocrites corroborates this. [Back to verse 11]

 

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Chapter 61: Al-Saff (The Ranks)

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 62 (Al-Jumu‘ah- The Congregation) > Section 2 (Verses 9 to 11)


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