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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 62 (Al-Jumu‘ah- The Congregation) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 8)


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Section/Ruku 1 [Verses 1 to 8]: Muslims chosen for Divine favours:
Chapter 62: (Al-Jumu‘ah: The Congregation)
(Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections; 11 verses)

1. Introduction:

This chapter receives its name from the exhortation to gather together on the day of Congregation, or Friday. The first section, after stating that the Prophet was a purifier of his immediate followers as well as of those who would come later on, warns the Muslims of the danger which brought about the downfall of the Jewish nation. They had with them the letter of the law, but were not true to its spirit. The reason for this was that they gave themselves up to worldly occupations and did not even observe their Sabbath, which was set apart for religious devotion. The second section enjoins the Muslims not to neglect their prayers in congregation, and the congregation of Friday is specially spoken of.

 The date of revelation of this chapter may be assigned to the first year of the Hijrah.

2. Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1 Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth glorifies Allah, the King, the Holy, the Mighty, the Wise.

2 He it is Who raised among the illiteratesa a Messenger from among themselves, who recites to them His messages and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and the Wisdom — although they were before certainly in manifest error —

3 And others from among them who have not yet joined them. And He is the Mighty, the Wise.a

4 That is Allah’s grace; He grants it to whom He pleases. And Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.

5 The likeness of those who were charged with the Torah, then they observed it not, is as the likeness of the ass carrying books. Evil is the likeness of the people who reject the messages of Allah. And Allah guides not the iniquitous people.

6 Say: O you who are Jews, if you think that you are the favourites of Allah to the exclusion of other people, then invoke death, if you are truthful.a

7 But they will never invoke it because of what their hands have sent before. And Allah is Knower of the wrongdoers.

8 Say: The death from which you flee, that will surely overtake you; then you will be sent back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, so He will inform you of that which you did.

3. Commentary:

2a. For the word Ummi, see 2:78a, 7:157a. [Back to verse 2]

3a. Abu Hurairah says: "We were sitting with the Holy Prophet when the chapter entitled al-Jumu‘ah was revealed to him, and in it the words others from among them who have not yet joined them. I asked the Holy Prophet: ‘Who are these?’ He gave no reply until I questioned him thrice. Salman, the Persian, was sitting among us, and the Holy Prophet placed his hand on Salman, and said, ‘Even if faith were near the Pleiades, a man from among these would surely find it’." (B. 65: lxii, 1). This report would show that the verse applies to a man of Persian descent. As other reports show that the Messiah would appear among the Muslims at a time when they would have the letter of the law with them but would not be true to its spirit, the reference in the report given here is particularly to the Messiah or to his time. The significance is that after a time, when the true spirit of Islam should have been lost, a man would be raised who, again receiving the light from the Holy Prophet, would spread the light of Islam in the world. But some commentators understand that non-Arabs, or all Muslims coming after the Prophet, are meant (Rz, JB). The Prophet would thus be the teacher forever, through his disciples, and no Israelite prophet would be sent as a teacher to the Muslim community. [Back to verse 3]

6a. The prayer for death spoken of here is the same as that in 2:94, for which see 2:94a. [Back to verse 6]

 

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Chapter 61: Al-Saff (The Ranks)

Chapter 63: Al-Munafiqun (The Hypocrites)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 62 (Al-Jumu‘ah- The Congregation) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 8)


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