Our Motto : 'In-Allah-ha-Ma'anaa' ("Be not grieved, for surely Allah is with us." - The Holy Quran 9:40). We find spiritual strength, courage and comfort, in the times of trials and  hardships, from this Divine Quranic revelation that descended upon the pure heart of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him), so as to console and compose him during one of the most perilous moments of his life. <Please click the 'Our Motto' link on our homepage for more details>

The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam (A.A.I.I.L. - Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore)

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement; the Mujaddid (Reformer) of the 14th Century Hijrah; and, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi) <Please read his biography in the 'Biography' section>

Please click here to SUBSCRIBE to this site!

Please click here to SEARCH this site!

list

Home

What's New

* ISLAM:

Allah

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Other Religions

My 1st Muslim Site for Children

Accusations Answered

Becoming a Muslim

* THE LAHORE AHMADIYYA MOVEMENT:

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian

Joining Our Movement

What Others Say About Us

Our Foreign Missions & Contact Info

Accusations Answered

News & Info

Other Ahmadiyya Sites

Photos

Qadiani Beliefs Refuted

* LITERATURE:

Quran

Hadith

Books

Articles & Magazines

Auto(biographies)

True Stories

Prayers

Poems

Dreams, Visions & Prophecies

Glossary

Questions & Answers

Sounds

Videos

* OTHER LANGUAGES and BRANCH WEBSITES:

Arabic

Dutch [Netherlands]

Dutch [Suriname]

French

German

India [Hindi/Urdu]

Indonesian

Italian

Persian

Punjabi

Spanish

Trinidad

UK

Urdu

* MISC.:

Muslim Names

Muslim Prayer Times

Quizzes

Screen Savers

Wallpapers

FREE E-mail Accounts:
name@ahmadiyya.ws
name@muslim.sh
name@islam.lt

* Click to:

[1] 'Subscribe' to this site!

[2] 'Recommend' this page to a friend!

[3] 'Search' this site!

[4] 'Send a Greeting Card'

 


* FREE CDs *

..


Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 60 (Al-Mumtahanah- The Woman Who is Examined) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 6)


.

Next


Section/Ruku 1 [Verses 1 to 6]: Friendly relations with enemies:
Chapter 60: (Al-Mumtahanah: The Woman Who is Examined)
(Revealed at Madinah: 2 sections; 13 verses)

1. Introduction:

The whole of this chapter deals with the relations between the Muslims and the non-Muslims, and in particular with the undesirability of relations with those enemies who were bent upon extirpating Islam, and who, not being satisfied with expelling the Muslims from their homes, now made war on them. It is in this connection that the Holy Prophet is enjoined to examine the women who came to him from among the idolaters for the purpose of embracing Islam, so that, if they were found to be inspired by sincere motives, they should be retained. It is this circumstance which gives its title to this chapter. It shows that, notwithstanding enmity, the Muslims were required to be fair in their dealings with the disbelievers. A clear statement was needed regarding the relations of the two communities on account of the hostilities which had sprung up between them. This gives us the clue to its connection with the last chapter.

The first section opens with an injunction against entering into friendly relations with the enemies of Islam, and the example of Abraham is quoted. The second section, however, adds that every non-Muslim is not to be regarded as an enemy. This direction, given as it was at a very late date, furnishes a basic principle in a discussion of the question of friendly relations. It is then stated that women who .ed from Makkah to escape persecution, could be given shelter if they were found, on examination, to be sincere.

The date of revelation may be placed between the treaty of Hudaibiyah and the conquest of Makkah; it was very likely the seventh year of the Hijrah.

2. Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1 O you who believe, take not My enemy and your enemy for friends. Would you offer them love, while they deny the Truth that has come to you, driving out the Messenger and yourselves because you believe in Allah, your Lord?a If you have come forth to strive in My way and to seek My pleasure, would you love them in secret? And I know what you conceal and what you manifest. And whoever of you does this, he indeed strays from the straight path.

2 If they overcome you, they will be your enemies, and will stretch forth their hands and their tongues towards you with evil,a and they desire that you may disbelieve.

3 Your relationships and your children would not profit you, on the day of Resurrection — He will decide between you. And Allah is Seer of what you do.

4 Indeed, there is for you a good example in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people: We are clear of you and of that which you serve besides Allah. We disbelieve in you and there has arisen enmity and hatred between us and you forever until you believe in Allah alone — except Abraham’s saying to his sire: I would ask forgiveness for thee, and I control naught for thee from Allah.a Our Lord, on Thee do we rely, and to Thee do we turn, and to Thee is the eventual coming.

5 Our Lord, make us not a trial for those who disbelieve, and forgive us, our Lord. Surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.

6 Certainly there is for you in them a good example, for him who hopes for Allah and the Last Day. And whoever turns away, surely Allah is the Self-Sufficient, the Praised.

3. Commentary:

1a. It should be noted that the reason given for not taking the disbelievers as friends is that they are the enemies of Allah and His Messenger, who drove out the Prophet and the Muslims from their homes. Vv. 8 and 9 afford a full explanation. [Back to verse 1]

2a. That is, they would slay you with their hands and revile you with their tongues. [Back to verse 2]

4a. As shown in 6:74a, it was not Abraham’s father for whom he thus prayed, for ultimately this sire of Abraham proved to be a deadly enemy. Abraham’s example is quoted to show how loving and tender he was towards his people, yet, when it became clear to him that they were bent upon uprooting the Truth, even Abraham could not maintain relations of friendship with them. The Holy Prophet and his companions were in like manner now obliged to renounce all relationships of friendship with a people who were not only the avowed enemies of the Muslims but also in a state of continual war with them. For Abraham’s promise to ask forgiveness for his sire, see 19:47. [Back to verse 4]

 

Top


Next Section/Ruku>>

Section 2: Friendly relations with non-Muslims


<<Previous Chapter/Surah

Next Chapter/Surah>>

Chapter 59: Al-Hashr (The Banishment)

Chapter 61: Al-Saff (The Ranks)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 60 (Al-Mumtahanah- The Woman Who is Examined) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 6)


footer
'E-mail' this page to a friend!


E-mail Us!
This website is designed, developed and maintained by the members of:
The
Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam
(
Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam, Lahore -- A.A.I.I.L.)
and is being managed in the Netherlands.

The responsibility of the content of this website lies with the respective authors
You may print-out and spread this literature for the propagation of Islam provided our website [aaiil.org] is acknowledged

Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore (Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam)

Thank you for visiting us at aaiil.org or ahmadiyya.ws or muslim.sh or islam.lt !