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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 58 (Al-Mujadilah- The Pleading Woman) > Section 2 (Verses 7 to 13)


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Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 7 to 13]: Secret counsels condemned:
Chapter Al-Mujadilah: The Pleading Woman)
(Revealed at Madinah: 3 sections; 22 verses)

1. Translation:

7 Seest thou not that Allah knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth? There is no secret counsel between three but He is the fourth of them, nor between five but He is the sixth of them, nor between less than that nor more but He is with them wheresoever they are; then He will inform them of what they did on the day of Resurrection. Surely Allah is Knower of all things.
a

8 Seest thou not those who are forbidden secret counsels, then they return to that which they are forbid den, and hold secret counsels for sin and revolt and disobedience to the Messenger.a And when they come to thee they greet thee with a greeting with which Allah greets thee not,b and say within themselves: Why does not Allah punish us for what we say? Hell is enough for them; they will burn in it, and evil is the resort!

9 O you who believe, when you confer together in private, give not to each other counsel of sin and revolt and disobedience to the Messenger, but give to each other counsel of goodness and observance of duty. And keep your duty to Allah, to Whom you will be gathered together.a

10 Secret counsels are only of the devil that he may cause to grieve those who believe, and he can hurt them naught except with Allah’s permission.a And on Allah let the believers rely.

11 O you who believe, when it is said to you, Make room in assemblies, make room. Allah will give you ample. And when it is said, Rise up, rise up. Allah will exalt those of you who believe, and those who are given knowledge, to high ranks. And Allah is Aware of what you do.a

12 O you who believe, when you consult the Messenger, offer something in charity before your consultation. That is better for you and purer. But if you have not (the means), then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.a

13 Do you fear that you will not (be able to) give in charity before your consultation?

So when you do it not, and Allah has turned to you (mercifully), keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is Aware of what you do.

 2. Commentary:

7a. The hypocrites and the Jews conspired with the enemies of Islam to destroy the Muslim community of Madinah. There is a brief reference to their plots in 4:114: "There is no good in most of their secret counsels". Such plots are mentioned in greater detail here, and they are told that these secret plots are known to Allah, and they cannot succeed in bringing harm to Islam. [Back to verse 7]

8a. The hypocrites seem to be referred to here. But even the Jews had entered into an agreement with the Prophet not to help the enemies of Islam. [Back to verse 8]

8b. The meaning is that they invoke death and destruction for thee, while Allah wishes that thou shouldst live and prosper. There is a report that the Jews used to say when they came to the Prophet: al-samu ‘alaika, i.e., death overtake thee! instead of alsalamu ‘alaika, i.e., peace be to thee! the two phrases sounding nearly alike (B. 79:22). [Back to verse 8]

9a. Secret counsels and secret societies are condemned, because these societies were formed with the object of undermining peace and helping the enemies of Islam. Private counsels to promote the cause of goodness and service of humanity are quite different from the subversive activities of secret societies. [Back to verse 9]

10a. This verse makes it clear that the secret societies denounced in the above verses were formed to spread mischief and help the enemies of Islam, but they could not achieve their mischievous object. [Back to verse 10]

11a. As I have already stated, the progress of Islam brought large numbers of people into its fold who stood in need of being taught manners as well as morals. In their assemblies they crowded and pressed upon each other in order to be able to sit nearest to the Prophet. The injunction to make room in assemblies means, either that room should be made for others, or that the people should not sit too close to each other. [Back to verse 11]

12a. The verse that follows does not cancel the injunction of the previous verse; it rather shows that the injunction contained in v. 12 is not obligatory but optional — the legal alms called zakat being the only obligatory alms, as is shown by the words keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. It should also be noted that the Prophet and his family derived no benefit whatever from zakat, for to them alms were totally prohibited. [Back to verse 12]

 

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 58 (Al-Mujadilah- The Pleading Woman) > Section 2 (Verses 7 to 13)


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