Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of
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Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of
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[Verses 7 to 13]: Secret counsels condemned:
8 Seest thou not those who are forbidden secret counsels, then they return to that which they are forbid den, and hold secret counsels for sin and revolt and disobedience to the Messenger.a And when they come to thee they greet thee with a greeting with which Allah greets thee not,b and say within themselves: Why does not Allah punish us for what we say? Hell is enough for them; they will burn in it, and evil is the resort!
9 O you who believe, when you confer together in private, give not to each other counsel of sin and revolt and disobedience to the Messenger, but give to each other counsel of goodness and observance of duty. And keep your duty to Allah, to Whom you will be gathered together.a
10 Secret counsels are only of the devil that he may cause to grieve those who believe, and he can hurt them naught except with Allahs permission.a And on Allah let the believers rely.
11 O you who believe, when it is said to you, Make room in assemblies, make room. Allah will give you ample. And when it is said, Rise up, rise up. Allah will exalt those of you who believe, and those who are given knowledge, to high ranks. And Allah is Aware of what you do.a
12 O you who believe, when you consult the Messenger, offer something in charity before your consultation. That is better for you and purer. But if you have not (the means), then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.a
So when you do it not, and Allah has turned to you (mercifully), keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is Aware of what you do.
8a. The hypocrites seem to be referred to here. But even the Jews had entered into an agreement with the Prophet not to help the enemies of Islam. [Back to verse 8]
8b. The meaning is that they invoke death and destruction for thee, while Allah wishes that thou shouldst live and prosper. There is a report that the Jews used to say when they came to the Prophet: al-samu alaika, i.e., death overtake thee! instead of alsalamu alaika, i.e., peace be to thee! the two phrases sounding nearly alike (B. 79:22). [Back to verse 8]
9a. Secret counsels and secret societies are condemned, because these societies were formed with the object of undermining peace and helping the enemies of Islam. Private counsels to promote the cause of goodness and service of humanity are quite different from the subversive activities of secret societies. [Back to verse 9]
10a. This verse makes it clear that the secret societies denounced in the above verses were formed to spread mischief and help the enemies of Islam, but they could not achieve their mischievous object. [Back to verse 10]
11a. As I have already stated, the progress of Islam brought large numbers of people into its fold who stood in need of being taught manners as well as morals. In their assemblies they crowded and pressed upon each other in order to be able to sit nearest to the Prophet. The injunction to make room in assemblies means, either that room should be made for others, or that the people should not sit too close to each other. [Back to verse 11]
12a. The verse that follows does not cancel the injunction of the previous verse; it rather shows that the injunction contained in v. 12 is not obligatory but optional the legal alms called zakat being the only obligatory alms, as is shown by the words keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. It should also be noted that the Prophet and his family derived no benefit whatever from zakat, for to them alms were totally prohibited. [Back to verse 12]