Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of
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[Verses 1 to 6]: Safeguarding womens
The last chapter having referred to the future conquests of the Muslims, this warns them of the secret plans of the enemies of Islam. Though this chapter deals with the conspiracies of the Jews and the hypocrites, it also deals with the rights of women, both of these being also the subjects dealt with in the 4th chapter, to which therefore it forms, as it were, a complement.
As regards the date of revelation, the chapter may be placed a little before the 33rd chapter, for the custom known as zihar is fully dealt with here, while only a reference to it is contained in the 33rd chapter. And as the case of Khaulah shows (see 1a) that the Prophet waited for the Divine revelation before giving a decision, it is evident that the reference to zihar contained in 33:4 was a later revelation.
1 Allah indeed has heard the plea of her who pleads with thee about her husband and complains to Allah; and Allah hears the contentions of both of you.a Surely Allah is Hearing, Seeing.
2 Those of you who put away their wives by calling them their mothersa they are not their mothers. None are their mothers save those who gave them birth, and they utter indeed a hateful word and a lie. And surely Allah is Pardoning, Forgiving.
3 And those who put away their wives by calling them their mothers, then go back on that which they said, must free a captive before they touch one another. To this you are exhorted; and Allah is Aware of what you do.
4 But he who has not the means, should fast for two months successively before they touch one another, and he who is unable to do so should feed sixty needy ones. That is in order that you may have faith in Allah and His Messenger. And these are Allahs limits. And for the disbelievers is a painful chastisement.
5 Surely those who oppose Allah and His Messenger will be humbleda as those before them were humbled; and indeed We have revealed clear messages. And for the disbelievers is an abasing chastisement.
2a. For this form of putting away the wife see 33:4b, where the abolition of this practice is also referred to. [Back to verse 2]
5a. Those who would not abide by the Divine commandments regarding the treatment of women are here told that this was not a light matter. They were in the ranks of those who opposed the Prophet. With these words the subject is changed to the conspiracies of the Jews and the hypocrites, who were now conspiring secretly against the Prophet. [Back to verse 5]