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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 57 (Al-Hadid- Iron) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 10)


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Section/Ruku 1 [Verses 1 to 10]: Establishment of the Kingdom of God:
Chapter 57: (Al-Hadid: Iron)
(Revealed at Madinah: 4 sections; 29 verses)

1. Introduction:

This chapter is entitled Iron — this word occurs in v. 25 — in reference to the punishment of the opponents, who were bent upon extirpating Islam with the sword. It opens with a description of the greatness of the power and knowledge of Allah, containing a prophecy of the future conquests of Islam. But the Muslims are told that they will have to make sacrifices and exert themselves to their utmost. The second section after speaking of the hypocrites prophesies that after the lapse of a long time, which will harden the hearts of the believers, the dead earth will be again brought to life. The third section refers to the temporary nature of all those worldly enjoyments which keep a man away from the Truth, and it closes with a reference to the punishment of those who take up the sword to annihilate Islam. The last section speaks of two kinds of Divine grace which were in store for the believers.

From this, the 57th chapter, to the 66th, there is again a group of Madinan chapters, which all seem to have been revealed from about the 4th to the 7th year of the Hijrah with the exception of ch. 63, which seems to have been revealed in the 2nd year of the Hijrah, and ch. 62 and ch. 64, which in all probability were revealed in the first. This is the last group of Madinan revelations and it complements the subject-matter of the Madinan group of the chapters with which the Holy Qur’an opens. It may be noted that five out of the ten chapters of this group commence with the hymn of the glorification of the Divine Being, which shows that this period was marked by the onward march of Islam.

2. Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1 Whatever is in the heavens and the earth declares the glory of Allah, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.

2 His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He gives life and causes death; and He is Possessor of power over all things.

3 He is the First and the Last and the Manifest and the Hidden,a and He is Knower of all things.

4 He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods, and He is established on the Throne of Power. He knows that which goes down into the earth and that which comes forth out of it, and that which comes down from heaven and that which goes up to it. And He is with you wherever you are. And Allah is Seer of what you do.

5 His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; and to Allah are (all) affairs returned.

6 He causes the night to pass into the day, and causes the day to pass into the night. And He is Knower of what is in the hearts.

7 Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and spend of that whereof He has made you heirs. So those of you who believe and spend — for them is a great reward.

8 And what reason have you that you believe not in Allah? And the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord, and He has indeed accepted your covenant, if you are believers.a

9 He it is Who sends down clear messages to His servant, that he may bring you forth from darkness into light. And surely Allah is Kind, Merciful to you.

10 And what reason have you that you spend not in Allah’s way? And Allah’s is the inheritance of the heavens and the earth. Those of you who spent before the Victorya and fought are not on a level (with others). They are greater in rank than those who spent and fought afterwards. And Allah has promised good to all. And Allah is Aware of what you do.

3. Commentary:

3a. The Holy Prophet has thus explained the four attributes of the Divine Being mentioned here: "Thou art the First, so that there was nothing before Thee, and Thou art the Last, so that there is nothing after Thee, and Thou art the Manifest, or the Ascendant over all, so that there is nothing above Thee, and Thou art the Hidden, the Knower of the hidden things, so that there is nothing hidden from Thee" (Ms. 48:13). [Back to verse 3]

8a. The believers, who are addressed, are exhorted to be true to their belief. Belief is thus not mere confession of the Truth but the upholding of it under trials. [Back to verse 8]

10a. By Victory here is meant the moral victory gained by the Hudaibiyah truce, or the conquest of Makkah, which made the Muslims virtually the masters of the whole of Arabia. The sacrifices made earlier had therefore a greater value on account of the trials which the Muslims had then to face. [Back to verse 10]

 

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Chapter 56: Al-Waqi‘ah (The Event)

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 57 (Al-Hadid- Iron) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 10)


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