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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 50 (Qaf) > Section 3 (Verses 30 to 45)


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Section/Ruku 3 [Verses 30 to 45]: The Resurrection:
Chapter 50: (Qaf)
(Revealed at Makkah: 3 sections; 45 verses)

1. Translation:

30 On the day when We say to hell: Art thou filled up? And it will say: Are there any more?
a

31 And the Garden is brought near for those who guard against evil — (it is) not distant.a

32 This is what you are promised — for everyone turning (to Allah), keeping (the limits) —

33 Who fears the Beneficent in secret, and comes with a penitent heart:

34 Enter it in peace. That is the day of abiding.

35 For them therein is all they wish, and with Us is yet more.a

36 And how many a generation We destroyed before them who were mightier in prowess than they! so they went about in the lands. Is there a place of refuge?

37 Surely there is a reminder in this for him who has a heart or he gives ear and is a witness.

38 And certainly We created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six periods, and no fatigue touched Us.a

39 So bear with what they say, and celebrate the praise of thy Lord before the rising of the sun and before the setting.

40 And glorify Him in the night and after prostration.a

41 And listen on the day when the crier cries from a near place —

42 The day when they hear the cry in truth. That is the day of coming forth.a

43 Surely We give life and cause to die, and to Us is the eventual coming —

44 The day when the earth cleaves asunder from them, hastening forth. That is a gathering easy to Us.

45 We know best what they say, and thou art not one to compel them. So remind by means of the Qur’an him who fears My threat.a

 2. Commentary:

30a. It is a metaphorical expression. One people after another continue in their wickedness without taking a lesson from the fate of the previous people. It is also an expression of man’s desire to have more and more of wealth and material comfort. [Back to verse 30]

31a. If man used his inner sight, he could see that the keeping from evil and the doing of good brought him nearer and nearer to true happiness, for which the Garden stands here, in this very life. [Back to verse 31]

35a. This is to show that the doing of good gives man all that he desires. But as his desires are limited, he is told that God will give him more than he desires. This is explained by some as meaning the sight of the Divine Being, which is the highest blessing of the next life. [Back to verse 35]

38a. The Bible says: "And He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made" (Gen. 2:2). The act of taking rest applies to one who is tired, and hence the Qur’an negatives any such idea in relation to God, Who does not stand in need of rest; hence it says: No fatigue touched Us. For the creation of the heavens and the earth in six periods or six days, see 7:54a. [Back to verse 38]

40a. Sujud or prostration here stands for prayer. The significance is that one should not get tired of glorifying God; prayer is in its entirety a glorification of God, but even after prayer, one should continue the glorification of God. [Back to verse 40]

42a. The munad, or the crier, is the Prophet: see 3:193, where the Prophet is plainly spoken of as being the crier: "Our Lord, surely we have heard a Crier calling to the Faith, saying: Believe in your Lord". This cry was a distant cry at first, but, as we are told in the previous verse, it will be a cry from a near place in the end, so that people will listen to it in truth, as we are told here. Note that the spiritual resurrection to be brought about in this life by the Prophet is spoken of in the whole of this chapter, along with the greater Resurrection of the next life. [Back to verse 42]

45a. The words, thou art not one to compel them, refer plainly to the spiritual resurrection, which the Prophet desired to see immediately; he is told that he will see the dead coming to life but he could not compel people to accept the truth. The cleaving asunder of the earth in the previous verse and their hastening forth to life spiritual and their gathering in Islam were all witnessed in the lifetime of the Prophet, and may be witnessed again in the near future. Note that this spiritual resurrection does not mean that there would be no Resurrection after death. On the other hand, it is treated as an evidence of the greater Resurrection, and that is the reason why both resurrections are spoken of in the same words. [Back to verse 45]

 

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Chapter 49: Al-Hujurat (The Apartments)

Chapter 51: Al-Dhariyat (The Scatterers)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 50 (Qaf) > Section 3 (Verses 30 to 45)


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