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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 50 (Qaf) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 15)


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Section/Ruku 1 [Verses 1 to 15]: The Resurrection:
Chapter 50: (Qaf)
(Revealed at Makkah: 3 sections; 45 verses)

1. Introduction:

This chapter takes its name from its initial letter Qaf, calling attention to the greatness of the power of the Divine Being, and deals with the Resurrection, both with the spiritual resurrection of this life and the greater Resurrection of the life after death. The first section draws attention to the testimony of nature, and to there being a lesson in the fate of former peoples; the second shows that every action has a consequence and these consequences are made manifest on the day of Judgment; and the third states that the good and the bad must each receive their due, and that a resurrection will be brought about in this life as well as in the Hereafter. In fact, the judgment and resurrection of this life are inseparably mingled with the Judgment and Resurrection of the next throughout this chapter.

From here to the 56th chapter, there is a group of seven Makkan chapters, all belonging to the early Makkan period, and all laying stress on the ultimate triumph of Truth and the fact that Divine Judgment would soon come to pass.

2. Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1 Almighty (God)!a By the glorious Qur’ån!b

2 Nay, they wonder that a warner has come to them from among themselves; so the disbelievers say: This is a wonderful thing!

3 When we die and become dust — that is a far return.

4 We know indeed what the earth diminishes of them and with Us is a book that preserves.a

5 Nay, they reject the Truth when it comes to them, so they are in a state of confusion.a

6 Do they not look at the sky above them? — how We have made it and adorned it and it has no gaps.

7 And the earth, We have spread it out, and cast therein mountains, and We have made to grow therein of every beautiful kind —

8 To give sight and as a reminder to every servant who turns (to Allah).

9 And We send down from the clouds water abounding in good, then We cause to grow thereby gardens and the grain that is reaped,

10 And the tall palm-trees having flower spikes piled one above another —

11 A sustenance for the servants, and We give life thereby to a dead land. Thus is the rising.a

12 Before them the people of Noah rejected (the Truth) and (so did) the dwellers of al-Rass and Thamud

13 And ‘Ad and Pharaoh and Lot’s brethren,

14 And the dwellers of the grove and the people of Tubba‘.a They all rejected the messengers, so My threat came to pass.

15 Were We then fatigued with the first creation? Yet they are in doubt about a new creation.a

3. Commentary:

1a. The letter Qaf stands for the name Qadir (or Qadir) of the Divine Being, meaning Omnipotent or All-Powerful, or for al-Qiyamat, the Resurrection. [Back to verse 1]

1b. An expression of wonder at the disbelief of people. The whole of the Qur’an is spoken of as one book even at this early period. Here the Qur’an is called majid or glorious; elsewhere it is called karim or bounteous (56:77) and hakim or full of wisdom (36:2). [Back to verse 1]

4a. What the earth diminishes is the body, dust going to dust. The book that preserves is the record of the deeds which a man has done. The consequences of deeds are preserved in their entirety and out of them grows a new life in the Resurrection. [Back to verse 4]

5a. Their confusion is due to the rejection of truth. They were in a state of confusion as to what name to give the Prophet — they called him first a dreamer, then a poet, then a madman, then an enchanter, then a forger and liar, and so on. [Back to verse 5]

11a. The khuruj, or rising, here includes both the spiritual resurrection of a dead people in this life and also the greater Resurrection in a life after death. [Back to verse 11]

14a. For the dwellers of al-Rass, see 25:38a; for dwellers of the grove, 15:78a; for Tubba‘, 44:37a. [Back to verse 14]

15a. The meaning is that Allah did not lack power in dealing with the former generations so that they should doubt His power in dealing with a new one. Or, the first creation is the physical creation of man, and the second creation his spiritual regeneration. [Back to verse 15]

 

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Section 2: The Resurrection


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Chapter 49: Al-Hujurat (The Apartments)

Chapter 51: Al-Dhariyat (The Scatterers)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 50 (Qaf) > Section 1 (Verses 1 to 15)


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