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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 48 (Al-Fath- The Victory) > Section 2 (Verses 11 to 17)



Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 11 to 17]: The defaulters:
Chapter 48: (Al-Fath: The Victory)
(Revealed at Madinah: 4 sections; 29 verses)

1. Translation:

11 Those of the dwellers of the desert who lagged behind will say to thee:
a Our property and our families kept us busy, so ask forgiveness for us. They say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: Then who can control aught for you from Allah, if He intends to do you harm or if He intends to do you good. Nay, Allah is ever Aware of what you do.

12 Nay, you thought that the Messenger and the believers would never return to their families,a and that was made fair-seeming in your hearts, and you thought an evil thought, and you are a people doomed to perish.

13 And whoever believes not in Allah and His Messenger — then surely We have prepared burning Fire for the disbelievers.

14 And Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He pleases. And Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.

15 Those who lagged behind will say, when you set forth to acquire gains: Allow us to follow you. They desire to change the word of Allah. Say: You shall not follow us. Thus did Allah say before.a But they will say: Nay, you are jealous of us. Nay, they understand not but a little.

16 Say to those of the dwellers of the desert who lagged behind: You will soon be called against a people of mighty prowess to fight against them until they submit. Then if you obey, Allah will grant you a good reward; but, if you turn back as you turned back before, He will chastise you with a painful chastisement.a

17 There is no blame on the blind, nor is there blame on the lame, nor is there blame on the sick. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, He will cause him to enter Gardens wherein flow rivers. And whoever turns back, He will chastise him with a painful chastisement.

 2. Commentary:

11a. The reference is to those who lagged behind in the Hudaibiyah expedition. [Back to verse 11]

12a. Even as late as the sixth year of the Hijrah the Muslims were so weak, as compared with their enemies, that whenever they had to go into the field, the weak-hearted thought that the Muslims were going into the very jaws of death. [Back to verse 12]

15a. The reference here is not to 9:83, which is a much later revelation. It appears that an order similar to that contained in 9:83 was given by the Holy Prophet to the laggards on the occasion of Hudaibiyah. [Back to verse 15]

16a. The power of the Makkan enemy was now broken, as was proved by the advance on Makkah two years later. Hence, the defaulters are told that they would be called on to join the forces of Islam against another powerful enemy. This appears to be a reference to the wars against the Roman and Persian empires in the time of the early Caliphs, again referred to in v. 21. [Back to verse 16]



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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 48 (Al-Fath- The Victory) > Section 2 (Verses 11 to 17)

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