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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 47 (Muhammad) > Section 2 (Verses 12 to 19)



Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 12 to 19]: Oppressors shall be brought low:
Chapter 47: (Muhammad)
(Revealed at Madinah: 4 sections; 38 verses)

1. Translation:

12 Surely Allah will make those who believe and do good enter Gardens wherein flow rivers. And those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as the cattle eat, and the Fire is their abode.

13 And how many a town, more powerful than thy town which has driven thee out — We destroyed them, so there was no helper for them.a

14 Is then he who has a clear argument from his Lord like him to whom his evil conduct is made fair-seeming; and they follow their low desires.

15 A parable of the Garden which the dutiful are promised: Therein are rivers of water not altering for the worse, and rivers of milk whereof the taste changes not, and rivers of wine delicious to the drinkers, and rivers of honey clarified;a and for them therein are all fruits and protection from their Lord.b (Are these) like those who abide in the Fire and who are made to drink boiling water, so it rends their bowels asunder?

16 And there are those of them who seek to listen to thee, till, when they go forth from thee, they say to those who have been given knowledge: What was it that he said just now? These are they whose hearts Allah has sealed and they follow their low desires.

17 And those who follow guidance, He increases them in guidance and grants them their observance of duty.

18 Wait they for aught but the Hour that it should come upon them of a sudden? Now tokens thereof have already come.a But how will they have their reminder, when it comes on them?

19 So know that there is no god but Allah and ask protection for thy sin and for the believing men and the believing women.a And Allah knows your moving about and your staying (in a place).b

 2. Commentary:

13a. The town which had driven away the Holy Prophet was Makkah, and the overthrow of its power is here foretold in the clearest words. It will be seen that the Makkans were not destroyed when their final overthrow came, nor did the Holy Prophet punish them for their crimes and tyrannies against the Muslims. They were dealt with very mercifully — so mercifully indeed that the history of the world does not present another instance of such merciful treatment of a conquered nation of oppressors. By their destruction was thus meant the overthrow of their power. [Back to verse 13]

15a. Note that the description given does not mention the actual blessings of paradise, for they are blessings "which no eye has seen, nor has any ear heard, nor has it entered into the heart of man to conceive them" (B. 59:8). The blessings mentioned here are plainly called a parable, an example which shows what they are like. [Back to verse 15]

15b. Here is another instance of the use of the word maghfirat, showing that it does not mean forgiveness of sins, but protection from sin. Among the various blessings of paradise, which its inmates find after admission to paradise, is maghfirat. It is clear that they could be admitted to paradise only after forgiveness of sins, if they had any, and the commission of sins in paradise is inconceivable. [Back to verse 15]

18a. By the Hour is to be understood the hour of their doom, the overthrow of their power, which is clearly spoken of in the previous verses. Tokens of it had already appeared, for they had seen how Islam was daily advancing, and how all their efforts to check its progress had ended in failure. [Back to verse 18]

19a. Not only the Prophet but every believer is told here to keep praying to God for being protected from sins, for himself and for all the believers, men as well as women; see also 40:55a, 48:2a. [Back to verse 19]

19b. Moving about refers to man’s going to and fro for the transaction of his affairs, and staying to taking rest. [Back to verse 19]



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Section 1: Opponents will perish in war

Section 3: The weak-hearted ones

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Chapter 46: Al-Ahqaf (The Sandhills)

Chapter 48: Al-Fath (The Victory)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 47 (Muhammad) > Section 2 (Verses 12 to 19)

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