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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 46 (Al-Ahqaf- The Sandhills) > Section 2 (Verses 11 to 20)



Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 11 to 20]: Witness of truth:
Chapter 46: (Al-Ahqaf: The Sandhills)
(Revealed at Makkah: 4 sections; 35 verses)

1. Translation:

11 And those who disbelieve say of those who believe: If it had been a good, they would not have attained it before us. And as they are not guided thereby, they say: It is an old lie.

12 And before it was the Book of Moses, a guide and a mercy. And this is a Book verifying (it) in the Arabic language,a that it may warn those who do wrong, and as good news for the doers of good.

13 Surely those who say, Our Lord is Allah, then continue on the right way, on them is no fear, nor shall they grieve.

14 These are the owners of the Garden, abiding therein — a reward for what they did.

15 And We have enjoined on man the doing of good to his parents. His mother bears him with trouble and she brings him forth in pain. And the bearing of him and the weaning of him is thirty months. Till, when he attains his maturity and reaches forty years,a he says: My Lord, grant me that I may give thanks for Thy favour, which Thou hast bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do good which pleases Thee; and be good to me in respect of my offspring. Truly I turn to Thee, and truly I am of those who submit.

16 These are they from whom We accept the best of what they do and pass by their evil deeds — among the owners of the Garden. A promise of truth, which they were promised.

17 And he who says to his parents: Fie on you! Do you threaten me that I shall be brought forth, when generations have passed away before me? And they both call for Allah’s aid: Woe to thee! Believe; surely the promise of Allah is true. But he says: This is nothing but stories of the ancients.

18 These are they against whom the word proves true, among nations of the jinn and the men that have passed away before them. Surely they are losers.

19 And for all are degrees according to what they do, and that He may pay them for their deeds and they will not be wronged.

20 And on the day when those who disbelieve are brought before the Fire: You did away with your good things in your life of the world and you enjoyed them; so this day you are rewarded with the chastisement of abasement because you were unjustly proud in the land and because you transgressed.

 2. Commentary:

12a. The words refer to the subject-matter of v. 10, which speaks of Moses’ prophecy. The Qur’an is here declared as fulfilling that prophecy, and the reference to its being in the Arabic language signifies the coming of the Prophet from among the Ishmaelites, who spoke that language, and who were the brethren of the Israelites, this fact being clearly mentioned in the prophecy of Deut. 18:18. [Back to verse 12]

15a. It would appear from this that the spiritual maturity of man usually takes place at the age of forty. Evidence of this is also found in the fact that the Holy Prophet Muhammad received the Divine message for the regeneration of mankind at the age of forty. [Back to verse 15]



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Chapter 45: Al-Jathiyah (The Kneeling)

Chapter 47: Muhammad

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 46 (Al-Ahqaf- The Sandhills) > Section 2 (Verses 11 to 20)

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