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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 45 (Al-Jathiyah- The Kneeling) > Section 2 (Verses 12 to 21)


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Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 12 to 21]: Truth of the revelation:
Chapter 45: (Al-Jathiyah: The Kneeling)
(Revealed at Makkah: 4 sections; 37 verses)

1. Translation:

12 Allah is He Who made subservient to you the sea that the ships may glide therein by His command, and that you may seek of His grace, and that you may give thanks.

13 And He has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, all, from Himself. Surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.

14 Tell those who believe to forgive those who fear not the days of Allaha that He may reward a people for what they earn.

15 Whoever does good it is for himself, and whoever does evil, it is against himself; then to your Lord you will be brought back.

16 And certainly We gave the Children of Israel the Book and judgment and prophethood and provided them with good things, and made them excel the nations.

17 And We gave them clear arguments in the Affair.a So they differed not until after knowledge had come to them, out of envy among themselves. Surely thy Lord will judge between them on the day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differed.

18 Then We made thee follow a course in the Affair, so follow it, and follow not the low desires of those who know not.

19 Surely they can avail thee naught against Allah. And surely the wrongdoers are friends of each other, and Allah is the Friend of the dutiful.

20 These are clear proofs for men, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who are sure.

21 Or do those who do evil deeds think that We shall make them as those who believe and do good — their life and their death being equal?a Evil is what they judge!

 2. Commentary:

14a. By the days of Allah are meant the favours which are bestowed on the righteous; see 14:5a. These words make it clear that there is an assurance given to the faithful in the two previous verses that they will be triumphant in this world, and rule the land as well as the sea. [Back to verse 14]

17a. The Affair or Amr here signifies the prophethood of Muhammad, regarding which the Israelites were given the clearest prophecies (Bd). See the next verse, where the Holy Prophet is plainly addressed as having been given this Affair. [Back to verse 17]

21a. The meaning may be that the wicked are not like the righteous, either in life or in death; or, that the wicked will not find themselves in death in a state of ease resembling that which they enjoy in this life. Or, the doing of good is here called life, and the doing of evil death, because good deeds give life to man and evil deeds cause his spiritual death. [Back to verse 21]

 

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Section 1: Denial of revelation

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Chapter 44: Al-Dukhan (The Drought)

Chapter 46: Al-Ahqaf (The Sandhills)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 45 (Al-Jathiyah- The Kneeling) > Section 2 (Verses 12 to 21)


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