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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 41 (Ha Mim) > Section 6 (Verses 45 to 54)



Section/Ruku 6 [Verses 45 to 54]: Gradual spread of Truth :
Chapter 41: (Ha Mim)
(Revealed at Makkah: 6 sections; 54 verses)

1. Translation:

45 And indeed We gave Moses the Book, but differences arose therein. And had not a word already gone forth from thy Lord, judgment would have been given between them. And surely they are in a disquieting doubt about it.

46 Whoever does good, it is for his own soul; and whoever does evil, it is against it. And thy Lord is not in the least unjust to the servants.

Part 25

47 To Him is referred the knowledge of the Hour. And no fruit comes forth from its coverings, nor does a female bear or bring forth but with His knowledge. And on the day when He calls out to them: Where are My associates? they will say: We declare to Thee, not one of us can bear witness.

48 And those whom they called upon before will fail them, and they will know that they cannot escape.

49 Man tires not of praying for good, but, if evil touch him, he is despairing, hopeless.

50 And if We make him taste mercy from Us after distress has touched him, he says: This is due to me,a and I think not that the Hour will come to pass; and if I am sent back to my Lord, I shall have sure good with Him. So We shall certainly inform those who disbelieve of what they do, and We shall make them taste of hard chastisement.

51 And when We show favour to man, he turns away and withdraws himself; but when evil touches him, he is full of lengthy supplications.

52 Say: See you, if it is from Allah, then you disbelieve in it, who is in greater error than he who is in opposition far away?

53 We will soon show them Our signs in farthest regions and among their own people,a until it is quite clear to them that it is the Truth. Is it not enough that thy Lord is a Witness over all things?

54 Now surely they are in doubt as to the meeting with their Lord. Lo! He surely encompasses all things.

 2. Commentary:

50a. The words indicate man’s ungratefulness for Divine blessings. He does not recognise Divine goodness in those gifts, but says "this is due to me", i.e., I have obtained it by my own exertion and I deserve it. And then he denies the Judgment. [Back to verse 50]

53a. The word afaq means borders or extremities of the earth, or its remote sides, and the great message conveyed here is that Islam will spread to the most distant regions of the earth — anfusi-him denoting their own people, or the Arabs. What is stated here is this that Islam will quickly spread, not only in Arabia but in the remote regions of the earth, and this prophecy is contained in a chapter revealed early at Makkah, when Muslims were being severely persecuted and the message of Islam had apparently little hope of finding acceptance anywhere. If the prophecy is so clear, its fulfilment is clearer still. Within twenty years of its birth, Islam spread through the whole of Arabia, and within a hundred years, it reached the farthest regions of the earth, both in the East and the West. Both the prophecy and its fulfilment are thus two of the most amazing facts of history. [Back to verse 53]



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Chapter 40: Al-Mu’min (The Believer)

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 41 (Ha Mim) > Section 6 (Verses 45 to 54)

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