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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 40 (Al-Mu’min- The Believer) > Section 4 (Verses 28 to 37)


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Section/Ruku 4 [Verses 28 to 37]: A believer of Pharaoh’s people:
Chapter 40: (Al-Mu’min: The Believer)
(Revealed at Makkah: 9 sections; 85 verses)

1. Translation:

28 And a believing man of Pharaoh’s people, who hid his faith, said: Will you slay a man because he says, My Lord is Allah, and indeed he has brought you clear arguments from your Lord? And if he be a liar, on him will be his lie, and if he be truthful, there will befall you some of that which he threatens you with. Surely Allah guides not one who is a prodigal, a liar.
a

29 O my people, yours is the kingdom this day, being masters in the land, but who will help us against the punishment of Allah, if it comes to us? Pharaoh said: I only show you that which I see and I guide you only to the right way.

30 And he who believed said: O my people, surely I fear for you the like of what befell the parties,a

31 The like of what befell the people of Noah and ‘Ad and Thamud and those after them. And Allah wishes no injustice for (His) servants.

32 And, O my people, I fear for you the day of Calling outa

33 The day on which you will turn back retreating, having none to save you from Allah; and whomsoever Allah leaves in error there is no guide for him.

34 And Joseph indeed came to you before with clear arguments, but you ever remained in doubt as to what he brought you; until, when he died, you said: Allah will never raise a messenger after him. Thus does Allah leave him in error who is a prodigal, a doubter —

35 Those who dispute concerning the messages of Allah without any authority that has come to them. Greatly hated is it by Allah and by those who believe. Thus does Allah seal every heart, of a proud, haughty one.

36 And Pharaoh said: O Haman, build for me a tower that I may attain the means of access —

37 The means of access to the heavens, then reach the God of Moses, and I surely think him to be liar.a And thus the evil of his deed was made fair-seeming to Pharaoh, and he was turned aside from the way. And the plot of Pharaoh ended in naught but ruin.

 2. Commentary:

28a. Some of that with which they are threatened will befall them, because the mercy of Allah wards off some of the deserved punishment. Compare the believer’s argument with that advanced by Gamaliel to deal leniently with the apostles of Christ: "Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel or this work be of men, it will come to nought: but if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against God" (Acts 5:38, 39). [Back to verse 28]

30a. Yaum al-Ahzab signi.es the events which befell the people of yore (Bd). By the parties are meant the parties who organized opposition to the prophets. The word yaum is used in Arabic, as its equivalent day is used in English, to signify a contest or a fight (LL), and in the phrase ayyam al-‘Arab, lit., the days of the Arabs, it signifies accidents or struggles. Hence I render it as what befell. There is nothing extraordinary in an Egyptian knowing how certain people on the borders of Arabia perished. [Back to verse 30]

32a. Yaum al-tanad means the day of calling out one to another, i.e., the day of distress on which one will call out to the other for help, none being able to help himself or another. Every day of distress is the day of calling out, and the description need not be limited to the day of Judgment. [Back to verse 32]

37a. As Moses spoke of the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Pharaoh mocked at the idea by suggesting that he would build a tower to attack Moses’ God. [Back to verse 37]

 

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Chapter 39: Al-Zumar (The Companies)

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 40 (Al-Mu’min- The Believer) > Section 4 (Verses 28 to 37)


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