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Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement; the Mujaddid (Reformer) of the 14th Century Hijrah; and, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi) <Please read his biography in the 'Biography' section>

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 40 (Al-Mu’min- The Believer) > Section 2 (Verses 10 to 20)


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Section/Ruku 2 [Verses 10 to 20]: Failure of opponents:
Chapter 40: (Al-Mu’min: The Believer)
(Revealed at Makkah: 9 sections; 85 verses)

1. Translation:

10 Those who disbelieve are told: Certainly Allah’s hatred (of you), when you were called upon to the faith and you rejected, was much greater than your hatred (now) of yourselves.
a

11 They say: Our Lord, twice hast Thou made us die, and twice hast Thou given us life;a so we confess our sins. Is there then a way of escape?

12 That is because when Allah alone was called upon, you disbelieved, and when associates were given to Him, you believed.a So judgment belongs to Allah, the High, the Great.

13 He it is Who shows you His signs and sends down for you sustenance from heaven,a and none minds but he who turns (to Him).

14 So call upon Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience, though the disbelievers are averse —

15 Exalter of degrees, Lord of the Throne of Power, He makes the spirit to light by His command upon whom He pleases of His servants,a that he may warn (men) of the day of Meeting —

16 The day when they come forth. Nothing concerning them remains hidden from Allah.a To whom belongs the kingdom this day? To Allah, the One, the Subduer (of all).

17 This day every soul is rewarded what it has earned. No injustice this day! Surely Allah is Swift in Reckoning.

18 And warn them of the day that draws near,a when hearts, grieving inwardly, rise up to the throats.b The iniquitous will have no friend, nor any intercessor who should be obeyed.

19 He knows the dishonesty of eyes and that which the breasts conceal.

20 And Allah judges with truth. And those whom they call upon besides Him judge naught! Surely Allah is the Hearing, the Seeing.

 2. Commentary:

10a. The violent hatred referred to is the hatred of the evildoers for themselves, when the evil consequences of their evil deeds become manifest to them. How much greater must have been the hatred of Allah, the Fountain-head of purity, for them when they committed those deeds! How Forbearing and Merciful was He not to visit them with immediate punishment! [Back to verse 10]

11a. The first state of death is the state of nothingness from which man is brought into existence, the second life being the life after death. [Back to verse 11]

12a. In almost all the great religions at the advent of Islam, some kind of shirk was mixed with the doctrine of pure Unity to which Islam invited people. [Back to verse 12]

13a. The meaning is simply that God provides the means of sustenance; or, the sustenance from heaven means the spiritual sustenance. [Back to verse 13]

15a. The ruh (spirit) is here spoken of as being granted only to the elect, and the object is to warn men; hence ruh means the Divine revelation, not the soul which is given to every man. By the day of Meeting is meant the day of meeting with God. [Back to verse 15]

16a. It is implied that the hidden consequences of the deeds will be made manifest on that day, for from Allah nothing is hidden. [Back to verse 16]

18a. Azifah is from azafa, meaning it drew near (LL), and hence yaum al-azifah is the day that draws near. It is the nearer punishment of this life that is spoken of here. [Back to verse 18]

18b. The verse depicts the state of the hearts of the disbelievers on the day of their vanquishment. [Back to verse 18]

 

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 40 (Al-Mu’min- The Believer) > Section 2 (Verses 10 to 20)


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