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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 4 (Al-Nisa’ - The Women) > Section 24 (Verses 172 to 176)


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Section/Ruku Ruku 24 [Verses 172 to 176]: Prophethood of Jesus:
Chapter Chapter 4: (Al-Nisa’: The Women)
(Revealed at Madinah: 24 sections; 176 verses)

1. Translation:

172 The Messiah disdains not to be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels who are near to Him. And whoever disdains His service and is proud, He will gather them all together to Himself.

173 Then as for those who believe and do good, He will pay them fully their rewards and give them more out of His grace. And as for those who disdain and are proud, He will chastise them with a painful chastisement, and they will find for themselves besides Allah no friend nor helper.

174 O people, manifest proof has indeed come to you from your Lord and We have sent down to you a clear light.

175 Then as for those who believe in Allah and hold fast by Him, He will admit them to His mercy and grace, and guide them to Himself on a right path.

176 They ask thee for a decision. Say: Allah gives you a decision concerning the person who has neither parents nor children. If a man dies (and) he has no son and he has a sister, hers is half of what he leaves, and he shall be her heir if she has no son. But if there be two (sisters), they shall have two-thirds of what he leaves. And if there are brethren, men and women, then for the male is the like of the portion of two females. Allah makes clear to you, lest you err. And Allah is Knower of all things.a

2. Commentary:

176a. The rule given here supplements the law of inheritance as given at the commencement of this chapter, and is said to have been revealed very late. As explained in 12b, the kalalah spoken of here is different from the kalalah spoken of in v. 12. Here there are neither children nor parents and therefore the whole of the inheritance goes to the brothers and the sisters. Reversion to the law of inheritance just after speaking of Jesus Christ has perhaps a deeper meaning. It is a fact that no prophet appeared among the Israelites after Jesus Christ, and therefore his death really left Israel without a spiritual head who should rise to the eminence of prophethood. The spiritual kingdom which was promised to Abraham and which hitherto remained in the house of Israel, was now taken from the Israelites and made over to the brother nation, the Ishmaelites. This would also explain the words addressed to Moses: “God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me” (Deut. 18:15), where the spiritual inheritance is clearly made to devolve on the brethren of the Israelites, i.e., the Ishmaelites, and thus from the midst of thee is clearly explained as meaning from the midst of thy brethren. Moses saw clearly that the Israelites would lose their title to the inheritance of the spiritual kingdom before the advent of the Prophet who was to be his like. And Jesus made the same clear in different words when he said, addressing the Israelites: “The kingdom of God shall be taken from you and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof ” (Matt. 21:43). [Back to verse 176]

 

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 4 (Al-Nisa’ - The Women) > Section 24 (Verses 172 to 176)


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