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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 4 (Al-Nisa’ - The Women) > Section 16 (Verses 105 to 112)


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Section/Ruku Ruku 16 [Verses 105 to 112]: Hypocrites are dishonest:
Chapter Chapter 4: (Al-Nisa’: The Women)
(Revealed at Madinah: 24 sections; 176 verses)

1. Translation:

105 Surely We have revealed the Book to thee with truth that thou mayest judge between people by means of what Allah has taught thee. And be not one pleading the cause of the dishonest,
a

106 And ask the forgiveness of Allah. Surely Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful .a

107 And contend not on behalf of those who act unfaithfully to their souls. Surely Allah loves not him who is treacherous, sinful:

108 They seek to hide from men and they cannot hide from Allah, and He is with them when they counsel by night matters which please Him not. And Allah ever encompasses what they do.a

109 Behold! You are they who may contend on their behalf in this world’s life, but who will contend with Allah on their behalf on the Resurrection day, or who will have charge of their affairs?

110 And whoever does evil or wrongs his soul, then asks forgiveness of Allah, will find Allah Forgiving, Merciful.

111 And whoever commits a sin, commits it only against himself. And Allah is ever Knowing, Wise.

112 And whoever commits a fault or a sin, then accuses of it one innocent, he indeed takes upon himself the burden of a calumny and a manifest sin.

2. Commentary:

105a. BWith a little difference in details, the commentators agree that the occasion of the revelation of these verses was a dispute between a Muslim and a Jew, in which judgment was given by the Prophet against the Muslim. Ta‘mah ibn Ubairaq had stolen a coat of mail, and having hidden it at a Jew’s, afterwards accused the Jew of the theft, while his tribe supported him. The Prophet, notwithstanding the open enmity of the Jews, cleared the Jew of the charge. It was a time when every Muslim hand was sorely needed for the defence of Islam, and a verdict against a man supported by his whole tribe meant the loss of that tribe. But such considerations did not carry any weight with the Prophet. Thus these verses lay down the broad principle that dishonesty must be punished, and the balance of justice must be held equal between Muslims and non-Muslims and between friends and foes. [Back to verse 105]

106a. The injunction in this as well as the previous verse is meant for every Muslim who is called upon to act as a judge. He must be strictly just as between his own people and aliens, and must further ask the protection of Allah from being guilty of an act of injustice, even unknowingly, for it is only through Divine protection, that a man in this position can avoid partiality. [Back to verse 106]

108a. Those who supported the guilty man are spoken of here. All such persons are condemned as hypocrites. The same subject is continued in the verses that follow. [Back to verse 108]

 

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 4 (Al-Nisa’ - The Women) > Section 16 (Verses 105 to 112)


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