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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 3 (Al-‘Imran - The Family of Amran) > Section 18 (Verses 172 to 180)


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Section/Ruku 18 [Verses 172 to 180]: Uhud no gain to the enemy:
Chapter 3: (Al-‘Imran: The Family of Amran)
(Revealed at Madinah: 20 sections; 200 verses)

1. Translation:

172 Those who responded to the call of Allah and the Messenger after the misfortune had befallen them — for such among them who do good and keep their duty is a great reward.
a

173 Those to whom men said: Surely people have gathered against you, so fear them; but this increased their faith, and they said: Allah is sufficient for us and He is an excellent Guardian.

174 So they returned with favour from Allah and (His) grace; no evil touched them, and they followed the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.a

175 It is the devil who only frightens his friends, but fear them not, and fear Me, if you are believers.a

176 And let not those grieve thee who run into disbelief precipitately; surely they can do no harm to Allah. Allah intends not to assign them any portion in the Hereafter; and for them is a grievous chastisement.

177 Those who buy disbelief at the price of faith can do no harm to Allah, and for them is a painful chastisement.

178 And let not those who disbelieve think that our granting them respite is good for themselves. We grant them respite only that they may add to their sins; and for them is a humiliating chastisement.

179 Allah will not leave the believers in the condition in which you are until He separates the evil from the good. Nor is Allah going to make you acquainted with the unseen, but Allah chooses of His messengers whom He pleases. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And if you believe and keep your duty, you will have a great reward.

180 And let not those who are niggardly in spending that which Allah has granted them out of His grace, think that it is good for them. Nay, it is evil for them. They shall have a collar of their niggardliness on their necks on the Resurrection day. And Allah’s is the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Aware of what you do.a

2. Commentary:

172a. The Makkan army was pursued the next day to a place known as Hamra’ al- Asad, under which name the expedition is known. Such was the spirit of invincibility of the Muslim army even after the loss suffered at Uhud. [Back to verse 172]

174a. Verses 173–175 refer to the expedition known as Badr al-Sughra, the smaller Badr, undertaken next year, because Abu Sufyan, commander of the Makkan army, announced, when leaving the field of Uhud, that he would meet the Muslims the following year at Badr, but notwithstanding its threats the Makkan army never marched forth. The Muslims on the other hand gained much benefit by trading in a fair held there, as indicated in v. 174. [Back to verse 174]

175a. As emissary, Nu‘aim, was hired by the Makkans to spread terror among the Muslims, and he is the devil spoken of here (Rz). By the devil’s friends are meant the hypocrites. [Back to verse 175]

180a. The same idea, though in more general terms, as to the effect of deeds being bound to the neck, is expressed in 17:13: “And We have made every man’s actions to cling to his neck, and We shall bring forth to him on the day of Resurrection a book which he will find wide open”. Thus every man carries the effect of his deeds with him in this life, but on the day of Resurrection that effect will become clearly visible. Thus is the effect of niggardliness made to cling to the necks of the niggardly. [Back to verse 180]

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Chapter 2: Al-Baqarah (The Cow)

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 3 (Al-‘Imran - The Family of Amran) > Section 18 (Verses 172 to 180)


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