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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 3 (Al-‘Imran - The Family of Amran) > Section 14 (Verses 130 to 143)


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Section/Ruku 14 [Verses 130 to 143]: What success meant for the Muslims:
Chapter 3: (Al-‘Imran: The Family of Amran)
(Revealed at Madinah: 20 sections; 200 verses)

1. Translation:

130 O you who believe, devour not usury, doubling and redoubling, and keep your duty to Allah, that you may be successful.
a

131 And guard yourselves against the fire which has been prepared for the disbelievers.a

132 And obey Allah and the Messenger, that you may be shown mercy.a

133 And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a Garden, as wide as the heavens and the earth; it is prepared for those who keep their duty:

134 Those who spend in ease as well as in adversity and those who restrain (their) anger and pardon men. And Allah loves the doers of good (to others).a

135 And those who, when they commit an indecency or wrong their souls, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins. And who forgives sins but Allah? And they persist not knowingly in what they do.

136 Their reward is protection from their Lord, and Gardens wherein flow rivers, to abide in them. And excellent is the reward of the workers!

137 Indeed there have been examplesa before you; so travel in the earth and see what was the end of the deniers.

138 This is a clear statement for men, and a guidance and an admonition to those who would keep their duty.

139 And be not weak-hearted, nor grieve, and you will have the upper hand if you are believers.

140 If a wound has afflicted you, a wound like it has also afflicted the (disbelieving) people. And We bring these days to men by turns, that Allah may knowa those who believe and take witnesses from among you. And Allah loves not the wrongdoers,

141 And that He may purge those who believe and deprive the disbelievers of blessings.

142 Do you think that you will enter the Garden while Allah has not yet known those from among you who strive hard (nor) known the steadfast?

143 And certainly you desired death before you met it. So indeed you have seen it now while you look (at it).a

2. Commentary:

130a. It is not in temporal greatness and the accumulation of wealth that the Muslims’ real success lies; hence usury which engenders love of wealth is forbidden. See 2:275a, where it is shown how the subject of usury is connected with war. It may be added that borrowing money on interest is also forbidden (Msh. 12:4). Not only individuals, but even Muslim kingdoms, have been ruined by borrowing large sums of money on interest, leading to foreign interference in their affairs. [Back to verse 130]

131a. The fire in this case is excessive love of wealth, as plainly stated elsewhere: “Woe to every slanderer, defamer, who amasses wealth and counts it — he thinks that his wealth will make him abide ... It is the fire kindled by Allah which rises over the hearts” (104:1–7). [Back to verse 131]

132a. The loss suffered at Uhud was due to disobedience in relation to a certain position which was forsaken against the orders of the Prophet. The retreating Makkan army turned upon the pursuers, among whom disorder had ensued, and several Muslims were slain, the Prophet himself being wounded. So they are told that they must obey God and His Messenger if they would have Divine mercy. [Back to verse 132]

134a. Restraining of anger, pardoning, and doing good to each other, besides being great moral qualities, strengthen the bond of union which is so necessary for success. The verse has on many occasions inspired the noblest thoughts of toleration and charitableness. Hasan’s servant having on one occasion upset a boiling hot dish on his master, obtained his liberty along with monetary help by reciting this verse. Thinking that he would be punished for his fault, he repeated the words; “Those who restrain their anger.” Hasan said he was not angry. “And pardon men,” added the servant. Hasan said: “I pardon you.” “And Allah loves the doers of good,” concluded the offending slave. “I give you liberty and four hundred pieces of silver,” was the response. “A noble instance of moderation and generosity,” is Sale’s comment upon this incident. [Back to verse 134]

137a. Sunan is plural of sunnah, meaning a way or a rule or manner of acting or conduct or life or the like (LL). Hence the significance here is ways or examples of Allah’s dealing with the righteous and the wicked. [Back to verse 137]

140a. That Allah knows all that is seen or unseen and all that is manifest or concealed is asserted in numerous places in the Holy Qur’an. The knowing here and the not knowing in v. 142 refer to the knowledge of the event. Allah knew who would prove themselves true believers, who would strive hard in His way, and who would be steadfast under trials; but who did prove themselves true believers, who did strive hard, and who were steadfast in suffering could only be said to be known when these things had happened. [Back to verse 140]

143a. This refers to the desire of those who insisted that they should meet the enemy in the open field, while the Prophet’s own desire was that the Muslims should defend themselves within Madinah. Their desire for fighting the enemy or for being slain in the cause of truth is called a desire for death. [Back to verse 143]

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Chapter 2: Al-Baqarah (The Cow)

Chapter 4: Al-Nisa’ (The Women)

Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 3 (Al-‘Imran - The Family of Amran) > Section 14 (Verses 130 to 143)


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