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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 2 (Al-Baqarah - The Cow) > Section 30 (Verses 233 to 235)


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Section/Ruku 30 [Verses 232 to 235]: Remarriage of divorced women and widows:
Chapter 2: (Al-Baqarah - The Cow)
(Revealed at Madinah: 40 sections; 286 verses)

1. Translation:

232 And when you divorce women and they end their term, prevent them not from marrying their husbands if they agree among themselves in a lawful manner.
a With this is admonished he among you who believes in Allah and the Last Day. This is more profitable for you and purer. And Allah knows while you know not.

233 And mothersa shall suckle their children for two whole years, for him who desires to complete the time of suckling. And their maintenance and their clothing must be borne by the father according to usage. No soul shall be burdened beyond its capacity. Neither shall a mother be made to suffer harm on account of her child, nor a father on account of his child; and a similar duty (devolves) on the (father’s) heir.b But if both desire weaning by mutual consent and counsel, there is no blame on them. And if you wish to engage a wet-nurse for your children, there is no blame on you so long as you pay what you promised according to usage. And keep your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Seer of what you do.

234 And (as for) those of you who die and leave wives behind, such women should keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days;a when they reach their term, there is no blame on you for what they do for themselves in a lawful manner.b And Allah is Aware of what you do.

235 And there is no blame on you respecting that which you speak indirectly in the asking of (such) women in marriage or keep (the proposal) concealed within your minds. Allah knows that you will have them in your minds, but give them not a promise in secret unless you speak in a lawful manner. And confirm not the marriage tie until the prescribed period reaches its end.a And know that Allah knows what is in your minds, so beware of Him; and know that Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.

 2. Commentary:

232a. It has already been stated that when a divorce is pronounced, the conjugal relations can be re-established within the period of waiting. Here it is stated that if the period of waiting has elapsed, even then the former husband can remarry the divorced wife. The sister of Ma‘qil ibn Yasar was divorced by her husband and when the ‘iddah was over, the husband again approached Ma‘qil to give her in marriage to him. She was willing but Ma‘qil did not agree. Then this verse was revealed (B. 65:ii, 40). Thus the marriage of a divorced woman with her former husband is clearly allowed, and going through the mock ceremony of marriage with another person is an innovation. [Back to verse 232]

233a. By mothers here are meant in particular, as the context shows, women who have been divorced having children to suckle. [Back to verse 233]

233b. In case the father dies before the child is weaned, the heir is bound to pay the expenses. [Back to verse 233]

234a. The period of waiting in the case of a widow is four months and ten days. But in case a divorced woman or a widow is with child, the period of waiting is extended to the time of delivery (65:4). [Back to verse 234]

234b. The meaning is that the widow may look out for a husband and remarry. [Back to verse 234]

235a. The word kitåb, lit. writing, means here the period of waiting written down for women, so that a marriage contracted during that period is illegal. [Back to verse 235]

 

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 2 (Al-Baqarah - The Cow) > Section 30 (Verses 233 to 235)


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