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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 2 (Al-Baqarah - The Cow) > Section 20 (Verses 164 to 167)


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Section/Ruku 20 [Verses 164 to 167]: Unity must prevail:
Chapter 2: (Al-Baqarah - The Cow)
(Revealed at Madinah: 40 sections; 286 verses)

1. Translation:

164 In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, and the ships that run in the sea with that which profits men, and the water that Allah sends down from the sky, then gives life therewith to the earth after its death and spreads in it all (kinds of) animals, and the changing of the winds and the clouds made subservient between heaven and earth, there are surely signs for a people who understand.
a

165 Yet there are some men who take for themselves objects of worship besides Allah,a whom they love as they should love Allah. And those who believe are stronger in (their) love for Allah.b And O that the wrongdoers had seen, when they see the chastisement, that power is wholly Allah’s, and that Allah is Severe in chastising!

166 When those who were followed renounce those who followed (them), and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder.

167 And those who followed will say: If we could but return, we would renounce them as they have renounced us. Thus will Allah show them their deeds to be intense regret to them, and they will not escape from the Fire.a

 2. Commentary:

164a. The unity of Allah is declared by the whole of nature, and being such a clear doctrine, must no doubt at last prevail over idolatry and polytheism of every kind. Not only did Arabia witness the truth of this thirteen hundred years ago, but even today we see that, as man is freed from the trammels of prejudice, he realises the truth of Divine Unity more and more. The uniformity that is clearly observed in the diversity of nature is constantly appealed to in the Qur’an as a sign of the Unity of the Maker. [Back to verse 164]

165a. The objects of worship here referred to may include idols, but the reference is apparently to the leaders who lead their followers into evil. This is made plain by the verses that follow, where “those who were followed”, i.e. the leaders, renounce those who followed them. [Back to verse 165]

165b. While Allah’s love for His creatures is the ever-recurring theme that finds expression in the Holy Qur’an, the believer’s love for Allah, or absolute submission to the Divine Being, is here declared to be stronger than all other ties of love and friendship, including that which unites a man to his idols or other false deities. [Back to verse 165]

167a. The mutual renouncement of the leaders and their followers takes place sometimes in this very life. It should also be noted that it is the intense regret for the evil deeds done, here described as being the Fire, from which there is no escape. [Back to verse 167]

 

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Holy Quran Section > English Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali (Table of Contents) > Chapter 2 (Al-Baqarah - The Cow) > Section 20 (Verses 164 to 167)


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