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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 07: Jama`ah or Congregation (Hadith -- The Traditions)


Chapter 07:
Jama`ah or Congregation (Hadith -- The Traditions):


 

(Note: The superscript-numbers [e.g., intention2] that appear in the text [in pink] refer to the numbers of the explanatory footnotes that appear at the end of each Hadith [Tradition].)


1 Abu Hurairah reported that,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"I swear by Him in Whose hand is my soul, I had almost determined that I should order that wood should be collected, then I should order that a call should be sounded for prayer, then I should order a man that he should lead the prayer, then I should go to the people who have absented themselves and burn their houses on them." 1 (B. 10 : 29.)

1 The words are meant simply to lay stress on the point that Muslims should try their best to join the congregational prayer.


2 Abu-l-Darda' said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"There are not three people, either in the town or in the desert, among whom prayer is not said in congregation but the devil will surely overcome them; so stick to the congregation for the wolf eats the one that has strayed away from the flock." (AD-Msh. 4 : 23.)


3 Malik said,
Two men who intended going out on a journey came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"When you go out, give out a call for prayer, then recite the iqamah, then let the senior of you lead the prayer." (B. 10 : 18.)


4 Abu Hurairah said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"When the iqamah for prayer has been called, no prayer but the one that is obligatory shall be said." (M-Msh. 4 : 23.)


5 Ibn `Umar reported that,
IThe Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Prayer said in congregation excels the prayer said alone by twenty-seven degrees." (B. 10 : 30.)


6 Nafi` said,
Ibn `Umar gave a call for prayer in Dzajnan on a cold night, then said, Say prayers in your abodes; and he informed us that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, used to order a mu'adhdhin, on a cold or rainy night and during journey, to give a call for prayer, then say, on finishing it, Beware! Say prayers in (your) abodes.
2 (B. 10 : 18.)

2 Though prayer in congregation is of an obligatory nature, yet, on certain occasions when attendance would be hard on people, they are allowed to say prayers in their abodes.


7 Ibn `Umar reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, (who) said:

"When your women ask your permission to go to the mosque at night, give them permission." 3 (B. 10 : 162.)

3 Even women must join the congregation if they are otherwise free. Mothers sometimes took their babies along with them when going to attend the congregation.


8 A'ishah reported that,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, used to say the morning prayer when it was yet dark; so the women of the believers returned while they could not be recognised on account of darkness, or they did not recognise one another.
(B. 10 : 165.)


9 Anas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, (who) said:
"Arrange your ranks properly, for the proper arrangement of ranks is part of the keeping up of prayer."
(B. 10 : 74.)


10 Abu Hurairah reported that,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Did people know the importance of the adhan and of being in the first row, and they had no choice but to draw lots of it, they would draw lots for it." (B. 10 : 9.)


11 Abu Mas`ud said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, used to touch our shoulders at the time of prayer, and used to say:

"Keep straight and do not be uneven, for in that case your hearts would disagree. Let those from among you, who are possessed of understanding and wisdom, stand nearest to me, then those who are next to them, then those who are next to them." (M-Msh. 4 : 24.)


12 Anas said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Complete the first row, then the one that is next to it, and whatever deficiency there is, let it be in the last row." (AD-Msh. 4 : 24.)


13 Wabisah said,

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, saw a man praying alone behind the row; so he commanded him to say the prayer over again. 4 (Ah-Msh. 4 : 24.)

4 In such a case, the man is required to take hold of a man from the last row and make him stand along with himself behind the row so that the two together may form a row.


14 Anas said,
I and an orphan in our house prayed behind the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, (in the row), and my mother Umm Sulaim was behind us.
5 (B. 10 : 78.)

5 In congregational prayers the women formed a row by themselves behind the male rows; and even if there was a single woman, she formed a row by herself. Women were not allowed to mix with the men in their rows, as such a course would have led to the evil which is witnessed in church gatherings.

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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 07: Jama`ah or Congregation (Hadith -- The Traditions)

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