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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 24: Matters relating to Service (Hadith -- The Traditions)


Chapter 24:
Matters relating to Service (Hadith -- The Traditions):


 

(Note: The superscript-numbers [e.g., intention2] that appear in the text [in pink] refer to the numbers of the explanatory footnotes that appear at the end of each Hadith [Tradition].)


1 Abu Hurairah reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Allah did not raise a prophet but he pastured goats."

His companions said, And thou?

He said:

"Yes! I used to pasture them for the people of Makkah for some carats."1 (B. 37 : 2.)

1 Qarat is the same as carat, but its weight is said to be four grains, a carat being 3.5 gr. It is in some parts a twenty-fourth, and in others a twentieth, part of a dinar. The word ra`a signifies both he pastured the cattle and he ruled. Looking after the welfare of animals is thus connected with devotion to the welfare of humanity.


2 Abu Mas`ud said,
When the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, commanded us to give in charity, one of us went to the market and carried a load for which he got a mudd, and some of them are millionaires today. (B. 24 : 10.)


3 Abu Musa reported that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"The faithful treasurer who pays what he is ordered with a willing heart is one of those who give charity." (B. 37 : 1.)


4 The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Muslims shall be bound by the conditions which they make."2 (B. 37 : 14.)

2 The direction contained in this hadith is of a general nature and relates to all contracts, subject to the basic rule that no condition opposed to the law of Islam is valid. Bukhari mentions this hadith in the book entitled "Services" to show that the relation between master and servant is a contract in reality.


5 `A'ishah said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, and Abu Bakr employed a man of the Bani Dil as a guide, a clever man, and he followed the religion of the disbelieving Quraish, so they made over to him their riding camels and told him to come to them with their riding camels at the cave of Thaur after three nights on the morning following the third night.
3 (B. 37 : 4.)

3 The hadith relates to the Holy Prophets's flight to Madinah, and shows, along with h. 7, that either of the contracting parties in the relation of master and servant may be a non-Muslim.


6 Khabbab said,
I was a blacksmith in the days of ignorance, and I had a debt due from `As ibn Wa'il. So I came to him demanding it. He said, I will not give it to thee until thou deniest Muhammad. I said, I will not deny even if Allah cause thee to die and thou art then raised to life. (B. 34 : 29.)


7 Ibn `Abbas said, reporting on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him:

"The most worthy of things for which you take a remuneration is the Book of Allah."4

And Ibn Sirin said . . . :

People paid remuneration for computing by conjecture the quantity of fruit. (B. 37 : 16.)

4 Service rendered, of whatever kind it might be, brought a remuneration, and it made no difference that the service was rendered in connection with the Book of Allah. For instance, a person who taught the Holy Qur'an was entitled to remuneration; so was a person who wrote the Holy Qur'an or did any other service in relation to the Holy Book.


8 Ibn Sirin saw no harm in the remuneration of the commission agent.
And Ibn `Abbas said, There is no harm that one should say,

Sell this cloth for me and what thou obtainest over such and such an amount, it shall be for thee. (B. 37 : 14.)


9 Abu Hurairah reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Allah says, There are three persons whose adversary in dispute I shall be on the day of resurrection : a person who makes a promise in My name then acts unfaithfully, and a person who sells a free person then devours his price, and a person who employs a servant and receives fully the labour due from him then he does not pay his remuneration. (B. 34 : 106.)
10 Ibn `Umar said,
I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, say:

".............And the third man said, I employed labourers and I paid them their remuneration with the exception of one man -- he left his due and went away. So I invested his remuneration in a profitable business until it became abundant wealth."5 (B. 37 : 12.)

5 This is part of a long hadith, according to which three men were overtaken with a severe affliction from which God delivered them because of some good which each had done. The good in this case was that the man did not allow the due of a labourer to lie idle, and made over to him immense wealth instead of the paltry remuneration which he demanded.


11 Abu Musa said,
I went to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, and with me were two men from among the Ash`aris. I said, I did not know that they wanted to be taken into service. He said: "We do not or shall not appoint a man who desires to be so appointed."
6 (B. 37 : 1.)

6 This simply shows that the Holy Prophet made the best selection from among those whom he deemed to be fit for service, and would not take a man simply because he approached him while another did not. As v. 4 shows, it is not forbidden to ask for a certain service.


12 Abu Humaid said,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, appointed from among the Azd, a man, called Ibn al-Utbiyyah, for the collection of zakat. When he came, he said, This is for you and this was given to me as a gift. He (the Prophet) said:

"He should have sat down in the house of his father or the house of his mother, then he should see whether a gift is given to him or not."7 (B. 51 : 17.)

7 A public servant cannot take anything as a gift. He is entitled only to his wages.


13 Abu Hurairah said,

The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, stood up among us, and he spoke about dishonesty and he spoke of its enormity and spoke of the enormity of its commitment.

He said:

"I should not see any one of you on the day of resurrection, there being on his neck a goat bleating, there being on his neck a horse neighing, so he should cry out, O Messenger of Allah! come to my succour; and I would say, I do not control aught for thee, I delivered the message to thee."8 (B.56 : 189.)

8 The mention of a horse is followed in the hadith by the mention of a camel and that of gold and silver and billets in similar words. The condition described here relates to the resurrection, and hence it speaks of spiritual experience in physical terms, the significance being that every dishonesty, great or small, shall ultimately be brought to light and punished.

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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 24: Matters relating to Service (Hadith -- The Traditions)

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