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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 17: Fasting (Summary of the Chapter)


Chapter 17:
Fasting (Summary of the Chapter):


The directions relating to fasts are all contained in vv. 2 : 183-187. Fasts are to be kept during the 29 or 30 days of Ramadzan (v. 2). The Fast consists in abstaining daily, from dawn till sunset, from food and drink and sexual intercourse (v. 3). Fasting is recognised in hadith as one of the pillars of Islam (H. ii : 5, 6), but too much voluntary fasting is prohibited (H. ii : 3). While fasting, one must cultivate the habit of abstaining from evil, from foul talk and falsehood (hh. 1, 2), and of charity to fellow-men (h. 3). Fasting starts with the first day of Ramadzan and ends with the last day of it. Ramadzan being a lunar month, its beginning and end depend on the appearance of the new moon (H. xii. 1, 2). Fast must not be kept on a doubtful day (h. 4). The fast begins when dawn appears (h. 5), and ends when the sun sets (h. 6). When fasting, it is recommended that one should have a meal in the morning (h. 7), a little before dawn (h. 8).

Breaking the fast when one is journeying is permitted, but fasting is allowed in such a case unless it entails hardship (hh. 9, 10). One who is ill, the pregnant woman, the woman who gives suck, and a very old person may feed a needy person instead of fasting (h. 11). A woman should not fast when she is menstruating, but she should fast for the same number of days afterwards (h. 12). When for some reason, the number of fasts is to be completed after Ramadzan, it may be done at any time before the next Ramadzan (h. 13). Fasting on `Id days is strictly prohibited (h. 14). When a person eats or drinks forgetting that he is fasting, the fast is not broken (h. 15). Cooling oneself, taking a bath, gargling or rinsing the mouth, and tasting of the food in the cooking-pot do not break the fast (h. 16), nor does vomiting (h. 17). I`tikaf or keeping to the mosque during the last ten days of Ramadzan, and not going out of it except for a need, may be resorted to by those who fast, and it is in these nights that the Lailat al-Qadr must be sought (hh. 18, 19).

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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 17: Fasting (Summary of the Chapter)

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