Our Motto : 'In-Allah-ha-Ma'anaa' ("Be not grieved, for surely Allah is with us." - The Holy Quran 9:40). We find spiritual strength, courage and comfort, in the times of trials and  hardships, from this Divine Quranic revelation that descended upon the pure heart of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him), so as to console and compose him during one of the most perilous moments of his life. <Please click the 'Our Motto' link on our homepage for more details>

The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam (A.A.I.I.L. - Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore)

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement; the Mujaddid (Reformer) of the 14th Century Hijrah; and, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi) <Please read his biography in the 'Biography' section>

Please click here to SUBSCRIBE to this site!

Please click here to SEARCH this site!

list

Home

What's New

* ISLAM:

Allah

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Other Religions

My 1st Muslim Site for Children

Accusations Answered

Becoming a Muslim

* THE LAHORE AHMADIYYA MOVEMENT:

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian

Joining Our Movement

What Others Say About Us

Our Foreign Missions & Contact Info

Accusations Answered

News & Info

Other Ahmadiyya Sites

Photos

Qadiani Beliefs Refuted

* LITERATURE:

Quran

Hadith

Books

Articles & Magazines

Auto(biographies)

True Stories

Prayers

Poems

Dreams, Visions & Prophecies

Glossary

Questions & Answers

Sounds

Videos

* OTHER LANGUAGES and BRANCH WEBSITES:

Arabic

Dutch [Netherlands]

Dutch [Suriname]

French

German

India [Hindi/Urdu]

Indonesian

Italian

Persian

Punjabi

Spanish

Trinidad

UK

Urdu

* MISC.:

Muslim Names

Muslim Prayer Times

Quizzes

Screen Savers

Wallpapers

FREE E-mail Accounts:
name@ahmadiyya.ws
name@muslim.sh
name@islam.lt

* Click to:

[1] 'Subscribe' to this site!

[2] 'Recommend' this page to a friend!

[3] 'Search' this site!

[4] 'Send a Greeting Card'

 


* FREE CDs *

..


Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 16: Charity and Zakat (Hadith -- The Traditions)


Chapter 16:
Charity and Zakat (Hadith -- The Traditions):


 

(Note: The superscript-numbers [e.g., intention2] that appear in the text [in pink] refer to the numbers of the explanatory footnotes that appear at the end of each Hadith [Tradition].)


1 Abu Musa reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Sadaqah is incumbent on every Muslim."

They (his companions) said, O Prophet of Allah! And (what about him) who has not got (anything to give)? He said:

 "He should work with his hand and profit himself and give in charity."

They said, If he has nothing (in spite of this). He said:

"He should help the distressed one who is in need."

They said, If he is unable to do this. He said:

"He should do good deeds and refrain from doing evil--this is charity on his part." (B. 24 : 31.)


2 Abu Hurairah reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"On every bone of the fingers charity is incumbent every day: One assists a man in riding his beast or in lifting his provisions to the back of the animal, this is charity; and a good word and every step which one takes in walking over to prayer is charity; and showing the way (to another) is charity." (B. 56 : 72.)

3 Abu Hurairah reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Removal from the way of that which is harmful is charity." (B. 46 : 24.)


4 Jabir said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Every good deed is charity, and it is a good deed that thou meet thy brother with a cheerful countenance and that thou pour water from thy bucket into the vessel of thy brother." (Ah-Msh. 6 : 6.)


5 Abu Hurairah said,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"The man who exerts himself on behalf of the widow and the poor one is like the one who struggles in the way of Allah, or the one who keeps awake in the night (for prayers) and fasts during the day." (B. 69 : 1.)


6 Abu Hurairah said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"A prostitute was forgiven--she passed by a dog, panting with its tongue out, on the top of a well containing water, almost dying with thirst; so she took off her boot and tied it to her head-covering and drew forth water for it; she was forgiven on account of this."

It was said: Is there a reward for us in (doing good to) beasts? He said:

"In every animal having a liver fresh with life there is a reward."1 (B. & M-Msh. 6 : 6.)

1 Doing good to beasts is, like the doing of good to human beings, a deed of charity; while cruelty to animals is forbidden just like cruelty to human beings (B. & M-Msh. 6 : 7).


7 Abu Hurairah said on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, (who said):

"There is a man who gives a charity and he conceals it so much so that his left hand does not know what his right hand spends." (B. 24 : 13.)


8 Zubair reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"If one of you should take his rope and bring a bundle of fire-wood on his back and then sell it, with which Allah should save his honour, it is better for him than that he should beg of people whether they give him or do not give him." (B. 24 : 50.)


9 Fatimah bint Qais said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"In (one's) wealth there is a due besides the zakat;"

then he recited:

"It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West (2 : 177.) "2 (Tr-Msh. 6 : 6.)

2 See v.4 quoted above. There charity is first enjoined--wealth must be given away out of love for God--and after it is mentioned the giving of zakat. It is thus shown that these are two separate duties, the voluntary duty of giving away to others as much as one likes, and the obligatory duty of giving away 2.5 p.c. of one's savings after every twelve months.


10 Ibn `Abbas reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, sent Mu`adh to Yaman and said:

"Invite them to bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah; if they accept this, tell them that Allah has made obligatory on them five prayers in every day and night; if they accept this, tell them that Allah has made obligatory in their wealth a charity which is taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor among them." (B. 24 : 1.)


11 Abu Sa`id said,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"There is no zakat in what is less than five auqiyah (of silver), nor is there any zakat in the case of less than five camels, nor is there any zakat in what is less than five wasaq."3 (B. 24 : 4.)

3 The minimum on which zakat is payable is called nisab. In the case of cereals and fruits, the nisab was five wasaq, which comes to between 20 and 30 maunds, according to different calculations. In the case of camels, the nisab was five, in that of goats and sheep, 40. In the case of silver it was five auqiyah or 200 dirhams which comes to a little over Rs. 50. According to one hadith (AD. 9 : 5), the nisab in case of gold was twenty dinars, about 3 oz. Under present conditions a uniform nisab would lead to greater facility, and as money is the standard in all payments, it would be quite in conformity with the spirit of the shari`ah if a money value of Rs. 50 is fixed as the minimum on which zakat is payable in the case of all possessions. No zakat is payable in things which are required for daily use (Tr-Msh. 6 : 2). Jewels and precious stones are also excepted.


12 `Ali said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"I remit (zakat on) horses for riding and slaves for service; but pay the zakat on silver, one dirham out of every forty dirhams; and there is no zakat if three are 190 dirhams, but when it reaches two hundred, there are (to be paid) out of it five dirhams (of zakat). (Tr-Msh.6 : 1.)


13 Ibn `Umar said:
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Whoever acquires wealth, there is no zakat on it until a year has passed over it."4 (Tr-Msh. 6.)

4 Zakat is paid annually after calculating the savings of that year.


14 Umm Salamah said,
I used to wear ornaments of gold. So I said, O Messenger of Allah! Is this hoard? He said:

"Whatever reaches the limit that thou shouldst pay zakat out of it, and the zakat is paid thereon it is not hoarding."5 (AD-Msh. 6 : 1.)

5 Umm Salamah was the Holy Prophet's wife. The hadith shows that zakat must be paid on gold and silver ornaments, whether they are actually worn or not. The reference in the word kanz used in this hadith is to the following verse:

"Those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah's way, announce to them a painful chastisement" (9 : 39).

Thus gold and silver may be hoarded only if zakat is regularly paid thereon.


15 Samurah reported,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, commanded that we should pay zakat out of that which we provided for trade.
6 (AD-Msh. 6 : 1.)

6 Zakat was paid on camels and sheep which were kept for trade purposes, and therefore there is no reason for excepting trade goods. But while there is a natural increase in the case of animals, out of which zakat is paid, the capital involved in goods for trade may sometimes lie dormant. There is no reliable hadith to show how zakat was calculated on merchandise; a reasonable course would be to take as the basis of calculation the profit which is gained by trading.


16 `Amr ibn Shu`aib reported on the authority of his grandfather,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, addressed the people and said:

"Beware! Whoever is the guardian of an orphan who has property, should trade with it, and should not leave it (undeveloped), so that the zakat should consume it."7 (Tr-Msh. 6.)

7 Zakat being a tax on hoardings or possessions must be paid by every owner of property even though he happens to be an orphan. The guardian of the orphan is, therefore, enjoined to carry on trade with the capital, so that the capital itself may not be consumed.


17 Abu Hurairah said,
When the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, died and Abu Bakr became (his successor), who those of the Arabs who would disbelieve disbelieved, `Umar said, How dost thou fight people (who profess Islam), and the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said : "I have commanded to continue fighting against people until they say, There is no god but Allah;
8 whoever says this will have his property and his life safe unless there is a due against him and his reckoning is with Allah." (Abu Bakr) said, By Allah! I shall fight those who make a difference between prayer and zakat, for zakat is a tax on property; By Allah! if they withhold from me even a she-kid which they used to make over to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, I shall fight against them for their withholding it. `Umar said, By Allah! Allah opened the heart of Abu Bakr (to receive the truth), so I knew that it was true.9 (B. 24 : 1.)

8 For what this means, see H. xix : 17.

9 Zakat was the most important source of revenue of the Muslim state, and during the Holy Prophet's lifetime zakat was collected in the government treasury. When the Holy Prophet died, many of the Arabian tribes which had just entered Islam rebelled against the Caliph and apostatized. There were others whose rebellion consisted only in refusing the payment of zakat into the public treasury. It is these tribes that are spoken of in this hadith, as the words of Abu Bakr show : "If they withhold from me even a she-kid." Making a difference between prayer and zakat also meant the same. They did not apostatize but they refused to pay the zakat, and this was a refusal to admit the authority of the central government. Abu Bakr's action on this occasion shows that zakat cannot be distributed according to the will of the individual who pays the zakat, but it must be collected and distributed by a central organization.


18 Abu Humaid said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, appointed a man from among the Asad to collect the zakat of Banu Sulaim--he was called Ibn al-Lutbiyyah--so when he came to him, he called him to account for it.
10 (B. 24 : 67.)

10 This collector withheld a part of what he had brought, saying that that part of his collections was presented to him. The Holy Prophet decided that no one who was appointed as a collector could receive personal presents. This is mentioned in detail in B. 51 : 17.


19 Sahl reported,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"When you have formed an opinion, then take (the zakat) and leave one-third; if you do not leave one-third, leave one-fourth."11 (Tr-Msh. 6 : 1.)

11 One-third or one-fourth of the zakat may be left with the owner for distribution according to this choice.


20 `Abd Allah reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"In (the produce of) lands watered by rain and springs or in what is watered by water running on the surface of the ground is one-tenth, and (in) what is watered by wells one-twentieth."12 (B. 24 : 55.)

12 Agricultural produce was taxed on a different basis. This was the land revenue of the Muslim state, and it is only a fraction of the land revenue under the British rule in India. Under non-Muslim rule, when land revenue goes to the state, zakat should be calculated only on the savings of the year.


21 Abu Hurairah reported,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"....................In treasure-trove (or minerals) one-fifth (shall be taken by the state)."13 (B. 24 : 66.)

13 The one-fifth taken from the treasure-trove is not zakat in the proper sense, as it is taken only once.


22 Ibn `Abbas said,
Amber is not treasure-trove; it is a thing which the sea casts forth.

And Hasan said, In amber and pearls one-fifth (shall be taken by the state).14 (B. 24 : 65.)

14 `Umar took one-fifth from amber, and Hasan's view is generally upheld.

Top


Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 16: Charity and Zakat (Hadith -- The Traditions)

footer

'E-mail' this page to a friend!


E-mail Us!
This website is designed, developed and maintained by the members of:
The
Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam
(
Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam, Lahore -- A.A.I.I.L.)
and is being managed in the Netherlands.

The responsibility of the content of this website lies with the respective authors
You may print-out and spread this literature for the propagation of Islam provided our website [aaiil.org] is acknowledged

Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore (Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam)

Thank you for visiting us at aaiil.org or ahmadiyya.ws or muslim.sh or islam.lt !