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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 11: Friday Service (Hadith -- The Traditions)


Chapter 11:
Friday Service (Hadith -- The Traditions):


 

(Note: The superscript-numbers [e.g., intention2] that appear in the text [in pink] refer to the numbers of the explanatory footnotes that appear at the end of each Hadith [Tradition].)


1 Ibn `Abbas said,
The first Friday service, after the Friday service in the mosque of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, was that held in the mosque of `Abd al-Qais at Juwatha in Bahrain. "
1 (B. 11 : 11.)

1 Juwatha was a village in Bahrain, and Bukhari's heading of the chapter in which this hadith is mentioned is "Friday service in towns and villages."


2 Yunus said, Ruzaiq ibn Hukaim wrote to Ibn Shihab,
What is thy opinion--should I hold the Friday service? And Ruzaiq was manager of a certain land on which he worked and there was a party of Negroes and others besides them there, and Ruzaiq was then the governor of Ailah. So Ibn Shihab wrote, while I heard, commanding him to hold the Friday service.
2 (B. 11 : 11.)

2 In this case, it was not even a village where Friday service was held. There were only some workers on the field, and the manager of the land was required to look after their spiritual needs and hold a Friday service for them. Ruzaiq was governor of Ailah under `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Aziz.


3 Abu-l-Ja`d said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Whoever omits three Friday services making light of it, Allah sets a seal on his heart." (AD-Msh. 4 : 43.)


4 Ibn `Umar said,
A wife of `Umar used to attend the morning and `Isha' prayers in congregation in the mosque. It was said to her, Why dost thou go forth and thou knowest that `Umar does not like this and is averse (to it). She said, What prevents him from prohibiting me? He said, What prevents him is the saying of the Messenger of Allah:

"Do not prohibit the handmaids of Allah from attending the mosques of Allah." 3 (B. 11 : 12.)

3 Women were required to attend the `Id gatherings, and their presence at the Friday service is of the utmost importance for the welfare of the Muslim community; and, therefore, even if it may not be obligatory for them, they should generally attend the Friday service so far as is consistent with their duties. The words of the Holy Prophet quoted here include the Friday service along with other prayers.


5 It is reported on the authority of Zuhri,
When the Mu'adhdhin gives a call for prayer on Friday, and there is one who is journeying, it is incumbent on him that he should attend.
(B. 11 : 18.)


6 Anas reported that,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, used to hold the Friday service when the sun declined.
(B. 11 : 16.)


7 Sa'ib said,
The first call on Friday, in the time of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, and Abu Bakr and `Umar, was sounded when the imam ascended the pulpit; but when (the time of) `Uthman came and the number of people became very great, he added a third call at the Zaura'.
4(B. 11 : 21.)

4 The additional adhan is called the third adhan--actually it is the first--, the ordinary adhan and the iqamah being the other two. As the hadith shows, this adhan, delivered some time before the imam ascended the pulpit, was meant to inform the people that they should get ready for the prayer, and it was, therefore, delivered at Zaura', a place in the market of Madinah.


8 Abu Sa`id said,
I bear witness to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, saying,

"It is incumbent on every one who has attained to puberty that he should take a bath on Friday, and that he should use the tooth-brush, and that he should use scent if he can get it." (B. 11 : 3.)


9 Jabir said,
A man came while the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, was delivering the sermon to the people on Friday. So he said, "Hast thou said the prayer, O such a one?" He said, No. He said, "Get up and say two rak`ahs of prayer."
5 (B. 11 : 32.)

5 Two rak`ahs of prayer must be said before the service is held. Two rak`ahs are also said after the service is over, as in the Zuhr prayer.


10 Abu Sa`id al-Khudri reported that,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, one day ascended the pulpit and we sat around him.
6 (B. 11 : 28.)

6 The imam sits on the pulpit and a call for prayer is then sounded. He then stands up and delivers the sermon, as the next hadith shows.


11 Ibn `Umar said,
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, used to deliver the sermon standing, then he sat down, then he stood up again, as you do now.
7 (B. 11 : 26.)

7 The Friday sermon is thus divided into two parts, the imam sitting down to take a little rest in the middle. The Holy Prophet used to take some verse of the Holy Qur'an as his text, which he explained to the audience. The object of the sermon is to give true guidance to the congregation on the various questions of life; and it is, therefore, quite meaningless to deliver the sermon in Arabic to people who do not understand that language.


12 Salman said on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him,

"One should remain silent when the imam speaks." (B. 11 : 35.)


13 Anas said,

While the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, was delivering the Friday sermon, a man stood up and said, O Messenger of Allah! Horses have perished, goats have perished; pray to Allah that He may send us rain. So he raised his hands and prayed. (B. 11 : 34.)


14 Abu Hurairah said,
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Whoever joins in one rak`ah of the Friday service, he should add to it another, and whoever misses both rak`ahs, he should say four (rak`ahs)," or he said, "the Zuhr."8 (DQ-Msh. 4 : 45.)

8 The Friday service thus consists of two rak`ahs of prayer, and whoever misses both should say the Zuhr prayer.


15 Ibn `Abbas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him,

He used to recite (on Friday) al-Sajdah (ch. 32) and Hal ata `ala-l-insani (ch. 76) in the morning prayer, and al-Jumu`ah (ch. 62) and al-Munafiqun (ch. 63) in the Friday service.9 (Ah. I, 340.)

9 This shows that the Holy Qur'an was recited in a loud voice in the Friday service.

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Hadith Section > A Manual of Hadith > Chapter 11: Friday Service (Hadith -- The Traditions)

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