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Glossary Section > Definitions of Non-English Terms Used on our Site

Definitions of Non-English Terms Used on our Site:


A:


AAIIL: Acronym for 'Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore' (Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam)
‘Abd:
Servant. Also used for angels (The Quran, 4:170).
Ahadith: Plural form of hadith.
Ahkam-i Furqani: Commandments of the Quran.
Ameer: Head/Leader of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement.
Ayat: Mark or sign. Verse of the Quran.



B:


Batani: To penetrate or enter into. Unapparent, hidden, concealed, inward, inner.
Bukhari: Most renowned compiler of the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad [pbuh]. Muhammad B. Isma‘il Abu ‘Abd Allah Al-Ju‘fi Al-Bukhari, born on 21st July 810 C.E. at Bukhara.



C:


C.E.: Christian Era, i.e., signifying the year in A.D. (after the death of Jesus) notation, e.g., the year 2000 C.E. would mean the year 2000 A.D.



D:


Da‘i ila ’llah: Summoner to God.
Dalail Bayyana: Lucid, evident or manifest arguments compelling reasons.
Daqaiq: Subtle, slender, fine.



F:


Fasiq: One who commits a great sin and frequently commits offences against the law.
Firishta: An angel, a messenger.



H:


Hadith: Pl. Ahadith. Tradition or saying of the Prophet [pbuh]. Sahih Hadith means a sound or reliable tradition.
Hazrat: An Arabic word, used by speakers of Urdu and Persian as an honorific title for a Muslim holy man.



I:


Ilham: Inspirational revelation.
Ilqa’: A form of revelation which conveys a message.
Iman: To be safe or secure. Belief (in God, His word, His apostles, etc.), Faith.
Injil: The New Testament. The Gospel.
Ishara: Indication, sign.
Istaara: Metaphor.



J:


Jibra’il: The archangel Gabriel.



K:


Kalimah or Kalima: A word, speech, saying, discourse. Also used for the Islamic declaration of faith, "There is no god but God."
Khawariq: Unused things, miracles.



M:


Majusi: Magi, Zoroastrian.
Malak: An angel.
Maqam: Place, stage. Usually in the progress of a mystic.
Masjid: Mosque.
Mir‘aj: Ascension of the Holy Prophet [pbuh].
Muhaddath: Transmitter or reporter of the Holy Prophet’s [pbuh] sayings. Also used for one who transmits Divine communications.
Mujiza: Miracle.
Mukashafa: From kashf meaning ‘uncover’. Usually signifies mystical disclosures.
Muharrir: A clerk or scribe.

Mulhid: A heretic.
Mulhim: Recipient of inspiration or revelation.
Mundhir: A warner.
Muqaddas: Hallowed, sanctified, sacred.
Mustalahat: A conventional or technical term.



N:


Nubuwwah: Prophethood.
Nubuwwah tamma: Complete and perfect prophethood.
Nubuwwah juzi: Partial prophethood.
Nufus tayyiba: Souls, spirits. Also used for angels.
Nuzul: Descent.



P:


pbuh: An acronym for 'Peace be upon him' [i.e., 'Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him']. A prayer used as a postfix to the Holy Prophet Muhammad's [pbuh] name.



R:


Rasul: A messenger, an apostle.
Rs.: Abbreviation of Rupees -- the currency of India (Indian Rupee) and Pakistan (Pakistani Rupee).

Ruh: The soul, spirit.
Ruhani: Spiritual, having a soul or spirit.



S:


Sahib: An Arabic word meaning, literally, "friend" or "companion", used in Indian languages as a title or form of address like "Mr." or "Sir". Used as a postfix for someone held in esteem.
Sahiba: Female equivalent of Sahib.
Sahih Hadith: Means a sound or reliable tradition of the Prophet [pbuh].
Salib: Crucifix.
Shariah: The religious law of God, the canon law of Islam.
Sunnah: In the Quran the word is used in two expressions: Sunnat Allah: 17:77; Sunnat al-awwalin: (8:38) In the Hadith the term refers to the sayings and acts of the Prophet [pbuh]. It is also used for the beliefs and practices of the Muslim community in general. Such as, Ahl al-Sunnat wa ‘l-jama‘ah.



T:


Tahsildar: A tax collector.

Tanasukh: The doctrine of transmigration.
Tawil: Interpretation, explanation.
Tazkiya: Purification.



V:


Ved: The Vedas.



W:


Wahdat tamma: Complete unity, harmony.
Wahi: Revelation.
Wasatir: Avesta, the Zoroastrian Scriptures.


This page was printed from the 'Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore (Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam)'
located at
http://aaiil.org or http://www.aaiil.org

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