Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of
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Upon the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, Dr. Iqbal penned an epicedium of ten pages, entitled Tears of Blood, from which we give a few verses below. The Queen died on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr, and Iqbal wrote:
Happiness came, but grief came along with it, Yesterday was Eid, but today came muharram [month of the year associated with the deepest mourning for Muslims]
In December 1911, on the occasion of the coronation of King George V, Iqbal wrote and read out a poem entitled Our King:
It is the height of our good fortune, That our King is crowned today.
During the First World War, Iqbal wrote a poem at the request of Sir Michael ODwyer, Governor of the Punjab, in response to an appeal from the King. This was read out in 1918. In it, addressing the King of England, Iqbal says:
If there is freedom of speech and writing here, if there is peace between the Temple and the Mosque here,
This was published in the paper Akhbar-i Haq, the magazine Zamana of Kanpur, and the book Hindustan aur Jang 'Alamgir (India and the World War) by L. Ralya Ram. It was then published in Baqiyyat-i Iqbal, on pages 216 to 219. It was first read out by Dr. Iqbal himself at the Punjab University Hall, Lahore.
Not only in poetry, but in prose also Dr. Iqbal praised the British nation. For example, he writes:
Many among us, including myself, believe that England at this time possesses the capability of leading the whole of mankind towards this objective. The thinking of the people of that land, their political understanding based on a deep study of human nature, their unshakeable, serious, resolve, their moral superiority over others in many aspects, their astonishing control over material resources, the existence of many movements among them for the welfare and betterment of human beings, and their discipline in every walk of life all these are things which no outsider can refrain from admiring. (Harf-i Iqbal, p. 167, from the year 1930)
At the close of his life, Iqbal perhaps felt regret at having praised British rule. It is recorded by his chronicler:
The Allama said: Ghalib was indeed a very great poet, but to write poetry in praise of the British government merely to get an increase in the stipend is to be greatly regretted. This tendency of Ghalib pains one considerably.