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Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement; the Mujaddid (Reformer) of the 14th Century Hijrah; and, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi) <Please read his biography in the 'Biography' section>

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Books Section > by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian > A Complete List of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib's Books > Summary of Sirr-ul-Khilafah


Summary of Sirr-ul-Khilafah:
July 1894


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In this book, which was published in Arabic in July 1894, Hazrat Mirza Sahib has discussed the issue of the Caliphate and settled the contention between the Sunni and Shi'ite sects. He declared that while it is true that all the four Caliphs -- Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Umar, Hazrat Uthman and Hazrat Ali (RA) -- were venerable and righteous men who did great services to Islam in their own rights, it cannot be denied that Hazrat Abu Bakr was the only one who fitted the description contained in the ayat-i-istikhlaf, which says:

"Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good that He will surely make them rulers in the earth as He made those before them rulers, and that He will surely establish for them their religion, which He has chosen for them, and that He will surely give them security in exchange after their fear. They will serve Me, not associating aught with Me. And whoever is ungrateful after this, they are the transgressors." (24:55)

Hazrat Mirza Sahib has expounded upon this verse in great depth and shown how each and every word of it was clearly fulfilled only in Hazrat Abu Bakr’s caliphate and in no other. Hazrat Abu Bakr became the leader of the Muslims at the most critical juncture in the history of Islam. After the passing away of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, the faith was in dire straits, assailed by dangers on all sides and faced with both internal and external threats to its security. The faithful were in a state of tremendous fear when Allah, the Most High, strengthened their religion and returned peace and security to their hearts during Hazrat Abu Bakr’s reign as Caliph. As a result, Islam regained its stronghold in the Arabian Peninsula and began to spread to other parts of the world. In contrast, during Hazrat Ali’s rule, notwithstanding the undoubted purity and piety of the Caliph, Islam did not gain in dominance in any way, nor was security returned to the Muslims in exchange for their fear. Rather, all the old sense of peace and security was also lost as a result of the terrible internal discord that reared its head during this period and threatened to shake the very foundations of the faith. It must thus be admitted that only Hazrat Abu Bakr’s reign as Caliph truly fulfils the signs foretold in the Quranic verse quoted above.

Hazrat Mirza Sahib has also proven from clear verses of the Quran that it is most improper to curse any of the Companions of the Prophet. He has quoted the Quranic verse, which says:

"And if two parties of the believers (momineen) quarrel, make peace between them" (49:9).

Thus, according to the Quran, even the rebellious group of Muslims are momineen (true believers) and it is severely forbidden to call them kafirs or infidels, as is stated in another verse:

"... neither find fault with your own people, nor call one another by nick-names. Evil is a bad name after faith; and who turns not, these it is that are the iniquitous (zaalimoon)" (49:11).

In this verse those who do not abstain from calling the faithful by bad names are strongly condemned and declared to be 'iniquitous'. So it can be easily imagined how extremely unjust and contrary to the teachings of the Quran is the cursing of the Companions of the Holy Prophet.

Hazrat Mirza Sahib has, in addition, rejected the accusations against Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar that they usurped Hazrat Ali’s right to the Caliphate. He has argued that if they had had any worldly designs, they would not have led such ascetic lives during their reigns as powerful emperors, nor would they have neglected to nominate their sons as their successors, as is the creed of worldly rulers. He also mentions that Allah, the Most High, had inspired him with the knowledge that Hazrat Abu Bakr held the greatest status among all the Companions, which is proved by his religious services recorded in the Quran and Tradition. Hazrat Mirza Sahib goes on to discuss the merits of all the Companions, in general, and Hazrat Umar, in particular. This discussion is followed by a comparison of the peace and stability that reigned while Hazrat Abu Bakr was caliph, with the unrest and trouble that existed during Hazrat Ali’s rule. He emphasizes that both were righteous, God-fearing men with highly venerable personalities, but the fact remains that the requirements of the ayat-i-istikhlaaf were met only in the caliphate of the former. Finally, since the prophecies concerning the Mahdi hold special significance for the Shi’ites, Hazrat Mirza Sahib has discussed the advent of the Mahdi and his own claims in the second part of the book and established the truth of his claims in a splendid fashion. The real beauty of the book lies in its reading.

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Books Section > by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian > A Complete List of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib's Books > Summary of Sirr-ul-Khilafah

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