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aaiil.org > Literature > Books > The Early Caliphate by Maulana Muhammad Ali

The Early Caliphate:

by Maulana Muhammad Ali

Biographies of: Hazrat Abu Bakr, Umar, Usman and Ali (rta)


The Early Caliphate [PDFpdf] (17.7 MB)

Table of Contents:
  • Biography of Hazrat Abu Bakr (rta):
    • Early Life
    • Conversion to Islam and Services
    • He is Persecuted
    • His Daughter Aishah is Married to the Prophet
    • Flight to Madinah
    • Services in Madinah
    • Part in Warfare
    • Abu Bakr as lmam during the Prophet's Last Days
    • The Prophet's Demise
    • Abu Bakr's Election as Caliph
    • Abu Bakr's Statesmanship
    • Abu Bakr's Address to the People
    • Ali and Abu Bakr
    • Abu Bakr Duly Elected Caliph
    • Usamah's Army Despatched to Syria
    • False Claimants to Prophethood:
      • Aswad Ansi
      • Musailimah
      • Tulaihah
      • Sajah
    • The Apostasy Movement
    • Refusal to Pay Zakat
    • The Defence of Madinah
    • Rebel Attack on Madinah Repulsed
    • Despatch of Expedition to different Quarters
    • Object of Expeditions
    • Khalid Defeats Tulaihah
    • Malik ibn Nawairah
    • Khalid Defeats Musailimah
    • Bahrain Rebellion Crushed
    • Uman and Mahrah Cleared of Rebels
    • Yaman and Hadramaut Restored
    • Conflict with Roman Empire and Persia
    • Insurrection called for Fortification of Frontiers
    • Abu Bakr's Motives in Sending Expeditions to Frontiers
    • The Strength of the Caliphate as Compared with the Two Empires
    • Aggression on the Enemy's Part
    • Trouble in Arabia Fomented by Persia and Rome
    • Muthanna's Expeditions
    • Khalid Reinforces Muthanna and Assumes Command
    • Hirah taken
    • Jizyah and Charge of Loot
    • Conquest of Anbar and Ain al-Tamr
    • Expedition on the Northern Frontier
    • The Battle of Ajnadain
    • Abu Bakr's Illness and Death
    • Simplicity of his Life
    • The Collection of the Quran
    • The Collection of Zakat
    • Government by Counsel
    • Position of the Ruler
    • Treatment of Enemies
    • Strength of Character
    • Appearance and Character
  • Biography of Hazrat Umar (rta):
    • Early Life
    • Conversion to Islam
    • The Flight
    • Help Rendered to the Cause of Islam
    • The Prophet's Death and After
    • Umar Pursues the Frontier Policy of Abu Bakr
    • Objection against Early Muslim Conquests
    • The Safety of Arabia the Sole Motive of the Early Caliphate Wars
    • Defeat Enhanced Persia's and Rome's Passion for Revenge
    • A Necessity of War
    • Islam, Jizyah or the Sword
    • Significance of the Alleged Message
    • Persian Forces under Hurmuz
    • Muslim General's appeal to Caliph
    • Hirah Lost and Regained
    • Battle at Namaraq
    • Battle of Jasr
    • Persia again Defeated at Buwaib
    • Sa'd appointed Generalissimo
    • Battle of Qadisiyah
    • Sa'd's advance on Madain
    • The Western Part Evacuated by Persians
    • Fall of Madain
    • Persians' advance on and Defeat at Jalula
    • Battle of Takrit
    • Christian Tribes Embrace Islam
    • Mosul Occupied
    • Damascus Conquered
    • Battle of Fihl
    • Battle of Hims
    • Battle of Yarmuk
    • Jerusalem Capitulates
    • Treaty of Jerusalem
    • Greek Efforts to Expel Muslims from Syria
    • Conquest of Jazirah
    • Removal of Khalid
    • Plague of Amwas
    • Egypt Invaded
    • Fall of Fustat
    • Fall of Alexandria
    • Library of Alexandria
    • The Suez Canal
    • Campaign in Khuzistan
    • Hurmuzan becomes Muslim
    • Ban against Advance on Persia Withdrawn
    • Death of Umar
    • Reasons Underlying the Great Conquest of Umar's Reign
    • Weakening of the Roman and Persian Empires
    • False Charge of Love of Loot
    • Glorious Deeds of the Muslim Soldiers
    • Solidarity of Islam
    • Democratic Spirit
    • Simple Life and Concern for the Ruled
    • Treatment of non-Muslims
    • Condition of Women in the Time of Umar
    • Gradual Abolition of Slavery
    • Equality of Man
    • Works of Public Good
    • Spreading of Islam and Knowledge of Quran
    • Soldier and Administrator
    • A True Successor of the Prophet
  • Biography of Hazrat Usman (rta):
    • Early Life
    • Conversion to Islam
    • Emigration to Abyssinia
    • Services Rendered to the Cause of Islam
    • Uthman's Part in Warfare
    • Part Played in Earlier Caliphate
    • Elected Caliph
    • Revolt in Persia Leads to Extension of Empire
    • Roman Attack on Syria and further Conquests
    • Cyprus Occupied
    • Roman Invasion of Egypt and further Conquests in Africa
    • Causes of the Discontent in Uthman's Caliphate
    • Appointment and Dismissal of Governors
    • Uthman's Impartiality in the Choice of Governors
    • Ibn Saba Leads Agitation against Uthman
    • Agitation gains Strength
    • Disaffection Spreads among Bedouins
    • Deportation of Abu Dharr
    • Burning of Inauthentic Copies of the Holy Quran
    • Mischief Started
    • Enquiry into Grievances
    • Governors' Conference
    • Seditionists Gather at Madinah
    • Seditionists' Entry into Madinah
    • The Caliph is Maltreated and Imprisoned in his House
    • Madinah Muslims Averse to Shedding Muslim Blood
    • Annual Pilgrimage
    • The Caliph is Salin
    • Uthman Sacrificed his Life for the Unity of Islam
    • Prophet's Great Qualities Mirrored in the First Four Caliphs
    • Uthman took nothing from the Public Treasury Uthman's Reign
    • Administration
    • Standardisation of the Quran
    • Manners and Morals
  • Biography of Hazrat Ali (rta):
    • Early Life
    • Conversion to Islam and Determination to Help the Cause
    • Flight to Madinah
    • Marriage with Fatimah
    • Martial Exploits
    • As an Envoy and Preacher of Islam
    • At the Prophet's Death
    • Oath of Allegiance to the Caliph
    • Ali becomes Caliph
    • Dissensions within the House of Islam
    • Demand of Retribution against Uthman's Assassins
    • Appointment of New Governors
    • War Preparations against Muawiyah
    • Aishah, Talhah and Zubair Demand Retribution for Uthman's Murder
    • Purity of their Motives
    • Aishah Captures Basrah
    • Aishah was against Fighting
    • Ali's Attack on Basrah and Negotiations with Talhah and Zubair
    • Battle of Jamal
    • Kufah as Capital and Calling Muawiyah to Submission
    • Relations between Ali and Muawiyah
    • Battle of Siffin
    • Desertion of Ali's Troops
    • The Arbitrators' Award
    • Battle against the Khawarij
    • The Khawarij cause further Trouble
    • Muawiyah Captures Egypt
    • Later Period of Ali's Reign
    • Ali's Martyrdom
    • Ali's Reign
    • No better Choice of Caliph could have been made
    • Ali's Learning
    • Ali's Devotions
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Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore © 1999–2012
[Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam]
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