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Auto(biography) Section > The Companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) > The Biography of Hazrat Ibn-e-Masud (rta) -- A Companion of the Holy Prophet (pbuh)

The Biography of Hazrat Ibn-e-Masud (rta) -- A Companion of the Holy Prophet (pbuh):
by Mirza Masud Beg
The Light (Sep 8, 1979; pp. 11-12)


Hazrat 'Abd Allah Ibn-e-Mas'ud (rta) was among the first adherents of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and he used to call himself the "sixth of the six" Muslims. He embraced Islam about the fourth year of the Call before the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, entered the house of Arqam and before the acceptance of Islam by Hazrat 'Umar (rta). He was a youngman of about nineteen years when he entered the fold of Islam. He was a poor person and belonged to the lower stratum of Meccan society like Hazrat Bilal (rta), Yasir (rta) and 'Ammar (rta). He used to herd the cattle of a Meccan landlord 'Uqba by name. Once the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and Hazrat Abu Bakr (rta) were travelling together and they met Ibn-e-Mas'ud (rta), who was herding sheep. They asked him for some milk, but he refused out of conscientiousness and his sense of honesty. The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, then took a dry ewe lamb and stroked its udder which swelled and yielded an abundant flow of milk which sufficed both the travellers. The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, then made it resume its former size. Ibn-e-Mas'ud (rta) was overwhelmed with surprise, and this miracle brought him into the fold of Islam.

He was very enthusiastic about his new faith, and he was the first to start reciting the Holy Quran openly in Mecca. But he was tortured and persecuted by the opponents of Islam for his undue boldness and he suffered a great deal, because of his humbler status and having no clans-men to protect him. He was also among those early converts who emigrated to Abyssinia under the Prophet's (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) orders to save themselves from the cruelty of the Meccans. Ibn-e-Mas'ud's mother was also among the early believers, and that is why he was also known as Sahabi son of Sahabia.

In Madina, he lived behind the great mosque of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and was so often seen entering the Holy Prophet's (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) house with his mother, that strangers thought they were members of the Prophet's family, whereas they were simply eager to serve the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and his household. Ibn-e-Mas'ud was an ardent lover of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and tried to imitate him in every way. He would make his outward appearance look like that of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, would dress in the same manner, wear white garments and use scent as the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to do. He accompanied the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, in all the battles, and it was he who cut off the head of the severely wounded Abu Jahl during the battle of Badr. He also participated in the battle of Yarmuk during the reign of Hazrat 'Umar (rta).

Ibn-e-Mas'ud (rta) was highly respected by all the four Caliphs, and he was frequently consulted by them. Hazrat 'Umar (rta) sent him to Kufa as administrator of the public treasury and as a teacher of Religion. Hazrat 'Umar (rta) wrote to the people of Kufa that he was sending Ibn-e-Mas'ud (rta) to them at a great personal sacrifice, because he was equally needed by him at Madina. He was much consulted on account of his knowledge of the Holy Quran and the Sunna. He is said to be the authority for 848 traditions. While narrating a hadith from the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, or giving information about him, he would often tremble and sweat would appear on his forehead and he used great caution in expressing himself, lest he should say anything incorrect. He was also one of those to whom Paradise was promised by the Holy Prophet (may peace and blessings of Allah be on him). He died during the reign of Hazrat 'Uthman (rta) in the year 32 or 33 A.H.


This page was printed from the 'Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore (Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam)'
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