Our Motto : 'In-Allah-ha-Ma'anaa' ("Be not grieved, for surely Allah is with us." - The Holy Quran 9:40). We find spiritual strength, courage and comfort, in the times of trials and  hardships, from this Divine Quranic revelation that descended upon the pure heart of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him), so as to console and compose him during one of the most perilous moments of his life. <Please click the 'Our Motto' link on our homepage for more details>

The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam (A.A.I.I.L. - Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore)

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement; the Mujaddid (Reformer) of the 14th Century Hijrah; and, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi) <Please read his biography in the 'Biography' section>

Please click here to SUBSCRIBE to this site!

Please click here to SEARCH this site!

list

Home

What's New

* ISLAM:

Allah

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Other Religions

My 1st Muslim Site for Children

Accusations Answered

Becoming a Muslim

* THE LAHORE AHMADIYYA MOVEMENT:

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian

Joining Our Movement

What Others Say About Us

Our Foreign Missions & Contact Info

Accusations Answered

News & Info

Other Ahmadiyya Sites

Photos

Qadiani Beliefs Refuted

* LITERATURE:

Quran

Hadith

Books

Articles & Magazines

Auto(biographies)

True Stories

Prayers

Poems

Dreams, Visions & Prophecies

Glossary

Questions & Answers

Sounds

Videos

* OTHER LANGUAGES and BRANCH WEBSITES:

Arabic

Dutch [Netherlands]

Dutch [Suriname]

French

German

India [Hindi/Urdu]

Indonesian

Italian

Persian

Punjabi

Spanish

Trinidad

UK

Urdu

* MISC.:

Muslim Names

Muslim Prayer Times

Quizzes

Screen Savers

Wallpapers

FREE E-mail Accounts:
name@ahmadiyya.ws
name@muslim.sh
name@islam.lt

* Click to:

[1] 'Subscribe' to this site!

[2] 'Recommend' this page to a friend!

[3] 'Search' this site!

[4] 'Send a Greeting Card'

 


* FREE CDs *

..


Articles Section > Questions and Answers (2) by Naseer Ahmad Faruqui Sahib [Relating to: Mujaddids/Reformers; the Devil; the Soul; Untimely/Premature Death; the Sign of the Lunar and Solar Eclipses for the Promised Mahdi; and Hell]


Questions and Answers (2) by Naseer Ahmad Faruqui Sahib:
[Relating to: Mujaddids/Reformers; the Devil; the Soul; Untimely/Premature Death; the Sign of the Lunar and Solar Eclipses for the Promised Mahdi; and Hell]:
by Naseer Ahmad Faruqui
The Light, May 24, 1980 (Question and Answer)


Printer-friendly Page

Question 1:

Would a Mujaddid appear after Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib, for the fifteenth century?

Answer:
Yes. The words of the Holy Prophet’s [pbuh] prophecy on this subject are very clear:

"Verily, Allah shall raise for this Ummah, at the head of every hundred years, he who will reform its religion for it (the Muslim community)". (Abu Dawud, Vol. 2, Kitab ul Mulahim, Ch 1).

So that there will be a Mujaddid for every century Hijra that dawns upon the Muslims.

There are also indications in Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s own writings that a certain number of Mujaddids will follow him (according to the number of centuries Hijra left of this Creation).


Question 2:

Is the devil a separate entity from man?

Answer:
Yes, as much as the angels are different entities from man. The Holy Quran is quite clear on this point. There are several verses to show the difference, but one should suffice. In the account of the inner forces within man, the Holy Quran describes how the angels readily submit to man according to the Divine dispensation, but the devil is rebellious of man (to begin with, that is) until it is tamed and the reason given by the devil himself is:

"I am better than he [the man]; Thou hast created me from fire while him thou didst create of dust" (7:12).

Being of the nature of fire, the devil incites human passions and desires which are also of the nature of fire.


Question 3:

Is the soul of man born from within during the stage of gestation? If this is not right, then where does the soul come from?

Answer:
The mysteries of the Creation are best known to the Great Creator. It is possible to take more than one view on the point raised, but the pride of place must be given to the views of the great seer of matters spiritual, whom we were fortunate to have at the head of this century Hijra, namely, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib, Mujaddid and the Promised Messiah. He has thrown light on the point in question in more than one place, but you are referred to his sublime writing "The Teachings of Islam" from which the following quotation is given:

"Another argument is that the body itself is the mother of the soul. The soul does not come from any place in the heavens and seek connection with the body in the womb of the mother, but it is, as it were, a light or an essence that lies concealed in the [human] seed, and grows with the growth of the body" (page 29).

Later on he said:

"To return to the subject, the soul is a light which springs up from the body which is being prepared in the womb. By the springing up of the soul is only meant that at first it is hidden and imperceptible, although its germs are present in the [human] seed itself, and that as the body is gradually developed, the soul grows along with it and becomes manifest. There is no doubt that the inexplicable relationship of the soul with the [human] seed is in accordance with the design of God and His will. It is a bright essence in the [human] seed itself. It is not a part of it in the sense in which matter is part of matter, but at the same time it would be wrong to say that it comes from outside" (page 31).

A slightly different view seems to have been expressed by the late Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Ali Sahib, the world-famous author of the English translation and commentary of the Holy Quran. Explaining verse 9 of chapter 32 of the Holy Book, he writes:

"This verse shows that the spirit of God is breathed into every man. This points to a mystical relation between human nature and Divine nature. The word ruh does not here mean the animal soul, because the animal soul is common to man and the animal kingdom. It is something which distinguishes man from the animal world. It is due to the spirit Divine that he rules the creation and it is due to the same Divine spirit in him that he receives a new life after death - a life in which he lives in God and with God" (Footnote No. 1960).

The difference in the two views is more apparent than real. For the breathing of the Divine spirit into man may have taken the form of the birth of the soul within the human seed, as stated in the first view. Whatever the method of the infusion of the human soul, it seems to come from God as the Holy Quran always speaks of the human soul (which becomes a Nafs, i.e., a personality after its sojourn in the human body and the multifarious experiences that it goes through therein) as returning to God upon the death of the body.


Question 4:

Is there untimely death, or as some people put it "premature death"?

Answer:
The subject raised is a vast one, but the reply may briefly be given as under:

a. Each man is given a term of life on this earth as he is given other things which vary from person to person. This term is pre-determined based upon the advantages or handicaps each man is born with.

b. On the Question of the pre-determination of man’s term of life, the following two verses of the Holy Quran, out of many, may be quoted:

"He [Allah] it is Who created you from clay, then He decreed a term" (6:2).

"And no person can die but with Allah’s permission--the term is fixed" (3:144).

But the pre-determined term may be varied by the Almighty whenever the principles or laws prescribed by Him are violated. It is absurd to be so presumptuous as to think that the Almighty’s hands are tied by what He has once decided upon, whatever the human being concerned does. So we read in the Holy Quran:

"And no one living long is granted a long life, nor is ought diminished of one’s [prescribed] life, but it is all in a book. Surely this is easy to Allah" (35:11).

"And Allah effaces what He pleases and confirms (what He pleases), and with Him is the basis of the book" (13:39).

As every student of the Holy Quran knows, the word book can mean Divine knowledge, a Divine book, or the book of nature. Now the words "basis of the book" in the second verse quoted immediately above are the principles on which Divine decisions are taken. If those principles are violated, of course, the decisions which they underlay may also change. Some of the well-known principles enunciated in the Holy Quran are:

"There is nothing for a man except what he strives for" (53:39).

"And cast not yourselves into perdition" (2:195).

So that if a man commits suicide, of course, his prescribed span of life would be cut short. The same with a man who does not observe the laws of health prescribed by God in the book of nature and discovered by doctors.

As for moral and spiritual values, or their violation, the Holy Quran is clear that transgressions and excessive vices may bring on an earlier ending to a nation’s life and ipso facto to the lives of its individuals, unless they mend their ways. Of the several verses on this subject, one should suffice. Speaking of Noah being sent to his people to warn them of a premature end for their transgressions, he urged them to obey Allah and to follow his example, adding "He will forgive your sins and grant you a respite to an appointed time" (71:2-4) which was the time originally ordained for their lives. Because they did not heed the warning they were sent to an early death.

On the other hand, the span of life may be extended by the Almighty for various considerations one of which is stated in the following verse: "And as for that which does good to men, it tarries on the earth"(13:l7). The point made in this paragraph is explained in a saying of the Holy Prophet [pbuh]: "Nothing puts off a destiny except a prayer (which is accepted) and the life span is not increased except by high virtue (Tirmizi).


Question 5:

Is the following a saying of the Holy Prophet:

"Of our Mehdi there are two signs which have never taken place ever since the heavens and earth came into existence. It is that, in the month of Ramazan, the moon shall be eclipsed on the first of its appointed nights (for eclipse); and the sun will also be eclipsed in the middle of days appointed (for its eclipse) but in the same month. And such a sign has never occurred ever since the creation of the heaven and the earth."

If so, please quote Quran or Hadith to help me find the authority?

Answer:
Yes, the Hadith occurs in "Sunan Dar Qutni", Book 8, Chapter 2, page 188, in its edition published by the Ansari Press, Delhi.

And this unique and undeniable sign occurred in the time of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib, in the month of Ramazan, 1311 Hijra, and never before or after him. The lunar eclipse takes place on any of the three nights beginning with the 13th night. And the solar eclipse can take place only on the 27th, 28th or 29th day of the Muslim calendar. As prophesied by the Holy Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), in the month of Ramazan, 1311 A.H. The lunar eclipse took place on the 13th night (the first of the nights on which lunar eclipse is possible), and in the same month the solar eclipse occurred on the 28th Ramazan (the middle of the three days of the Muslim calendar on which solar eclipse is possible) a clear heavenly sign of the truth of Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s claim to be the promised Mehdi. The lunar and solar eclipses on the same dates and in the same manner were witnessed by people living in the Western Hemisphere in the year 1312 A.H., and the fulfilment of the prophecy made by our Holy Prophet added to the strength of belief and conviction of Muslims all over the world--both in the East and the West.


Question 6:

Would Hell be everlasting for those who believe that God is comprised of other gods?

Answer:
The question may be broken up into two parts:

a. Would Hell be everlasting for all who are sent to it?

b. If not for all, would it at least be everlasting for those guilty of polytheism?

The answer to both the questions is in the negative.

The principles of recompense in the Hereafter are laid down in the Holy Quran as under:

"Whoever brings a good deed will have tenfold like it, and whoever brings an evil deed will be recompensed only with the like of it, and they shall not be wronged" (6:161).

In fact, the reward for faith, and good deeds, will be endless, according to the Holy Quran and the Holy Prophet. But that is not the point at issue. So far as punishment is concerned, apart from the verse quoted above, the Holy Quran says in another place, "And those who earn evil, the punishment of an evil is the like thereof" (10:27).

It is true that the Holy Quran occasionally uses the words khulud and abad. They no doubt mean, eternity but also a long time. Not only do all authorities on Arabic lexicography agree on this, but the use of these two words in the Holy Quran is qualified to show that they are used for Hell in the sense of a long time, e.g.,

"Surely the Hell lies in wait,
A resort for the inordinate,
Living therein for long years" (78:21-23).

The word used here for the duration of Hell is ahqab which is the plural of huqub meaning variously 80 years or 70 years or a year or years or a long time (See Lane’s Arabic-English Lexicon). The use of this word with various, but limited meanings, suggests that the duration of the Hell will vary for people to the extent of their sinfulness but will in any case not be eternal.

Also, consider other places wherein the Hell is mentioned with qualification about its duration, e.g.,

"He [Allah] will say: The Fire is your abode, you shall abide therein, except as Allah please" (6:129).

The same qualification is repeated in 11:107 with the addition of the words "Surely thy Lord is the Mighty Doer of what He intends" indicating that as He has the might to punish so has He the absolute power to forgive.

One should never overlook the principle laid down in the Holy Quran as quoted earlier that the recompense for evil shall only be according to its nature and quantum. So Hell cannot be for forever.

It is true that in certain places in the Holy Quran it is stated that those in Hell will want to get out but will not be able to do so. But nowhere is it stated that Allah will not take them out when the punishment has had the desired effect of reforming them and purifying them. That the object of punishment is to reform is made clear, for instance, in 42:40. That is why Hell is, in places, described as the friend (maula) or the mother (umm) of the sinners, meaning that it is a well-wisher of theirs.

Various sayings of the Holy Prophet [pbuh] corroborate the view that Hell will not last forever. One of the most reliable traditions of the Holy Prophet says:

"Then will Allah say: ‘The angels and the prophets and the faithful have all in their turn interceded for the sinners, and now there remains none to intercede for them except the most Merciful of all the merciful ones.’ So He will take out a handful of people who never worked any good" (Muslim 1:73, page 103).

And as the late Maulana Muhammad Ali has aptly remarked, "And who can be left out of the handful of Allah!" There are also other sayings in "Kanz al-Ummal":

"Surely a day will come over hell when it will be like a field of corn that has dried up after flourishing for a while . . . . . . Surely a day will come over hell when there will not be a single human being in it" (Volume vii, No.2791, page 245).

Then there is also the saying of Hazrat Umar ibn al Khattab:

"Even if the dwellers in hell may be numberless as the sands of the desert, a day will surely come when they will be taken out of it" (Imam ibn Hajar Asqalani’s commentary of Bukhari known as "Fath-al-Bari").

As for the second question whether even those guilty of polytheism will ultimately come out of the Hell, the distinction seems to have been made because of the verse of the Holy Quran:

"Surely Allah forgives not that a partner should be set up with Him, and forgives all besides that to whom He pleases. And whoever sets up a partner with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin" (4:48).

What that verse says is only that a polytheist will not escape punishment. It does not say that the punishment will be forever. In fact, if such a person recants before his death and gives a turn to his life, even polytheism is forgivable.

Top


Articles Section > Questions and Answers (2) by Naseer Ahmad Faruqui Sahib [Relating to: Mujaddids/Reformers; the Devil; the Soul; Untimely/Premature Death; the Sign of the Lunar and Solar Eclipses for the Promised Mahdi; and Hell]


footer

'E-mail' this page to a friend!


E-mail Us!
This website is designed, developed and maintained by the members of:
The
Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam
(
Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam, Lahore -- A.A.I.I.L.)
and is being managed in the Netherlands.

The responsibility of the content of this website lies with the respective authors
You may print-out and spread this literature for the propagation of Islam provided our website [aaiil.org] is acknowledged

Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore (Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam)

Thank you for visiting us at aaiil.org or ahmadiyya.ws or muslim.sh or islam.lt !