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Accusations Answered > Relating to Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian > Did Hazrat Mirza Sahib Pass Away After Undertaking a Mubahila (Spiritual Duel) with Maulvi Sanaullah of Amritsar?

Did Hazrat Mirza Sahib Pass Away After Undertaking a Mubahila (spiritual duel) with Maulvi Sanaullah of Amritsar?
Taken from: 'True Facts about the Ahmadiyya Movement. In Reply to S.P. Tayo's Facts about the Ahmadiyya Movement.' (pp. 44-47)
by Maulana Hafiz Sher Muhammad Sahib.
Translated by: Mr. Shahid Aziz & Dr. Zahid Aziz.


[Note: Although an opponent of Ahmadiyyat -- Mr. Tayo -- is being addressed to, in this answer to an accusation set forth by him, but it must be remembered that similar accusations are put forward by other opponents of this Movement, and by replying to Mr. Tayo's accusation, indirectly we are answering the accusation of the other opponents.]


1. Hazrat Mirza Sahib and Maulvi Sana-ullah of Amritsar:
Mr. Tayo next raises a spurious question relating to Maulvi Sana-Ullah of Amritsar, a contemporary opponent of the Founder. He alleges that Hazrat Mirza Sahib had issued a declaration wherein he had prayed to God to give judgment between him and the Maulvi Sana-Ullah by causing a liar to die of some mortal disease like plague or cholera during the lifetime of the truthful one; and as the Maulvi outlived Hazrat Mirza Sahib by many years, it proves, asserts Mr. Tayo, that the Founder was false in his claims.

Mr. Tayo further asserts that "Muhammad Ali was one of the principal eyewitnesses" to all this, and therefore must have known that Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s claims were untrue. We inform Mr. Tayo that, in fact, Maulana Muhammad Ali wrote a book entitled "Ayat-ullah: Maulvi Sana-Ullah runs away from the Promised Messiah’s mubahila challenge." Had he heard of, or read this book, he would never have made his ridiculous remark citing the Maulana as a witness to the so-called defeat of Hazrat Mirza Sahib by Maulvi Sana-Ullah!


2. Sana-Ullah’s Reply to the Founder:
In Tayo’s booklet we find extracts given only from Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s Notice "The Final Decision re: Maulvi Sana-Ullah," which is, in fact, a challenge to the Maulvi to participate in a mubahila (or prayer-duel) where each party would invoke Divine curses on whichever of the two be the liar. A mubahila requires the participation of both parties, in order for it to be a valid means of showing the general public by its result as to who is the liar. So we must ask what answer did the Maulvi give to this challenge. Given below are some extracts from his reply to Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s announcement:

1. "My consent was not obtained for this prayer, and it was published without my arrangements."

2. "This statement (of the Founder) was not published as being a revelation from God; it is said not to be based on any Divine communication, but is merely a prayer."

3. "My confrontation is with you. If I were to die, what would it prove to people at large?"

4. "You have been very clever in spotting that these days the plague is severe, particularly in the Punjab, and especially in the capital of Punjab, Lahore, which is very close to Amritsar. Even burying the dead is a problem. Under these circumstances, every person is in fear of the plague, and if one is alive today, there is no guarantee that one shall be so tomorrow."

5. "This prayer of yours can, under no circumstances, be accepted as leading to a clear decision."

6. "You did a trick by first praying for my death by plague or cholera, but said in the end that I could be overtaken by some calamity equal to death."

7. "In your last article, published in Ahl-i Hadith of 19 April, you state in sentence no. 14 that God’s messengers are merciful and they wish constantly that no person be struck by destruction and calamity. So why are you now praying for my death."

8. "To summarise … this statement of yours is not acceptable to me nor could any sensible person accept it." (Ahl-i Hadith, 26 April 1907).

From the above extracts every fair-minded and God-fearing person can see that Maulvi Sana-Ullah considered Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s Notice (which Mr. Tayo has quoted from) to be an invitation to a mubahila, and NOT a one-sided prayer by the Founder for the death of the liar within the life-time of the truthful one. Had this Notice not been an invitation to mubahila, the question of Maulvi Sana-Ullah’s agreement (see extracts no. 1 and 8 above) to it could not arise. The above extracts also show that the Maulvi was absolutely terrified of what may befall him in case he accepted the challenge to enter into a mubahila. In many other places too, Maulvi Sana-Ullah has referred to this Notice as the "Notice of mubahila":

1. "Krishan Qadiani (an abusive epithet for Hazrat Mirza Sahib) issued, on 15 April 1907, the Notice of mubahila against me" (Muraqqa' Qadiani, June 1908, p. 18).

2. "The Mirza issued a lengthy Notice of mubahila against me" (ibid., December 1907, p. 3).

3. "O Zealous members of the Mirza’i Jama’at! What time are you waiting for! The time-limit set by your leader for the mubahila has passed" (ibid., June 1908).


3. Sana-Ullah’s Own Criterion and Fate:
It is clear, therefore, that Maulvi Sana-Ullah understood Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s Notice as a challenge to him to enter into a mubahila. THE MAULVI OPENLY DECLINED THIS CHALLENGE, and refused to accept the criterion of the liar dying within the life-time of the truthful one, as the means of determining which of them was supported by God. Hence, the fact that Hazrat Mirza Sahib died before Sana-Ullah does NOT go against the Founder, for his adversary plainly and openly refused to enter into the proposed mubahila and proclaimed that the liar need not die first.

In fact, rejecting the criterion that the liar would die first, the sub-editor of Ahl-i Hadith added to Sana-Ullah’s above article the following footnote:

"Your (i.e., Hazrat Mirza Sahib’s) claim absolutely contradicts the Quran. The Quran says that evil-doers are granted respite by God. Look at: "As to him who is in error, the Beneficent will prolong his length of days" (19:75); "We grant them respite only that they may add to their sins" (3:177); "and He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on" (2:15); etc. These verses belie your deception. And also: "Nay, We gave provision to these and their fathers, until life was prolonged to them" (21:44). These words clearly mean that God causes the liars, the deceitful ones, the mischief-makers, and the disobedient, to live long that in this respite they may add to their evil deeds. How can you coin the principle that such people are not granted to live long" (Ahl-i Hadith, 26 April 1907).

Commenting on this Sana-Ullah himself wrote:

"I believe this to be correct" (ibid., 31 July 1908).

He also wrote:

"Despite being the true Prophet, the Holy Prophet Muhammad passed away before Musailima the Liar. And Musailima, despite being the liar, died after the truthful one" (Muraqqa' Qadiani, August 1907).

SO, MAULVI SANA-ULLAH REJECTED THE CRITERION THAT THE ONE WHO DIES FIRST IS THE LIAR, AND ADDUCED HIS OWN CRITERION THAT THE LIAR CONTINUES TO LIVE WHILE THE TRUTHFUL ONE DIES BEFORE HIM.

As, in Mr. Tayo’s own words, "Sana-Ullah lived many years after him (the Founder)," it can easily be judged who satisfied Sana-Ullah’s own criterion for the liar! 


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